a. the forests b. the steppes c. the sea
3. There was ... her for ever.
a. Sich b. a ferry c. a settlement
4. Nika was the goddess of ...
a. War b. Beauty c. Victory
5. Cossacks went to Nikopol from Sich ...
a. to buy food b. to enjoy life c. to meet their families
6. The Sich of Mykytyn was established ...
a. in the 15th century b. in the 16th century c. in the 17th century
2. Read the text and check your answers.
If you do a thorough examination of the big map of Ukraine, you can notice a tiny spot with a sign Nikopol in its central part. For a common onlooker it is one of insignificant signs on the Ukrainian map, but for us it's not so.
Nikopol is a small, industrial town situated on the right bank of the Kahovskoye reservoir, in the vast wilderness of the endless Ukrainian steppes. As such, it really doesn't conjure up in the way of images of dream tourism destinations. But then again, these small, back-of-beyond towns capture something about Ukraine that you just can't find in Kyiv or the more visited cities on the tourist trail.
Nikopol is actually an amalgamation of two words, coming from "Nika", the goddess of Victory, and "pol" meaning town or city.
First at the place of the present day Nikopol there was no settlement, and Cossacks lived in farms. This side of the Dnieper belonged to Cossacks, and another one to Turks. Ferry was there for ever. Where there are rocks now on the Dnieper used to be the Orlovy Island, it was washed away. The island was big and as they say there was a settlement of Sich fishermen over it. Fishermen lived then at the Lapinka River. Nikopol was divided into different parts. The one where there are the church and shops has been called from then a town, the one farther on along the Dnieper up to Lysa Gora is Dovgalivka, and the Cossacks Dovgals lived there. Still farther to the steppe is Lapinka (after the Lapinka river), and at the place of the ferry is Mykytyne. A rich Cossack Mykyta lived there. First they called the settlement Mykytyne but after the church had been erected, priests called it Nikopol and we call it like that till now.
Cossacks had their Zaporizhyan Sich in Kapulivka and Pokrovska, and in Nikopol they had freedom with a market, shynoks, singers, music... If any of Cossacks got bored of being in Sich, he asks the chief for permission and goes to Nikopol to enjoy life. In the 17th century the Sich of Mykytyn was established on the spot where present day Nikopol exists
With the passage of time Nikopol lost its strategic importance. But up-to-date Nikopol is more than just a curiosity; it is a town of creative, friendly folk, coming to terms with the past as they meet the present.
Read the text again. Match the paragraphs with these headings. There's one extra heading.
Nikopol in the days of Cossackdom
Nikopol during the World War II
Prepare for a short presentation. Work in groups. Find out some key information about our region's history and its culture. Decide who is going to make notes about each area:
Decide what order you are going to talk about the things and the give your presentation to the class. While you are listening to other presentations, think of one question to ask.
What are the similarities and differences between our region and other regions of our country?
NIKOPOL IN FLAMES OF WORLD WAR II
Answer the questions:
What countries of the anti-Hitler coalition took part in World War II?
Who was the president of the USA during World War II?
What was Churchill at that time?
When and where did the Victory Parade take place?
Read and memorise the following words:
On June 22, 1941 the Hitlerite invaders treacherously attacked our country and the undeclared war began. Ukraine became the scene of fierce battles. 57 enemy divisions and 13 brigades were flung on the territory of our country.
The peaceful life of our people was interrupted. Thousands of townsmen went to the front. Skilled workers and our plants were evacuated to the Urals and Siberia. Under the open sky they assembled equipment and began to make products that were required for the fronts and our victory.
In August 1941 hordes of fascists were near the town. Many residents took part in the construction of defensive lines. But on 17 August, 1941 the enemy gained Nikopol. Those were hard days for the town. 8,000 citizens were killed including 1,500 children, more than 1,000 residents were departed to Germany. Many buildings were reduced to ashes.
But Nikopol did not give in. From the very first days of fascist occupation our compatriots began their war of resistance, which continued until the Nazis were finally driven out of the town. On the eve of the occupation two partisan detachments headed by P.Kutsevol and F.Ryzhykov were organized .Besides two underground patriotic groups led by L.Khlyastykov and A.Kardashov fought against the enemy in the town. They did everything possible to wrack the plans of the occupation forces. They didn't give enemies a moment's rest: they sabotaged industry, dropped propaganda leaflets, helped people escape German captivity and avenged people's deaths. Many of these heroes were killed or executed by fascists.
On 8 February, 1944, the troops of the Third and the Fourth Ukrainian Fronts liberated Nikopol from the Nazi invaders. This victory was saluted 12 times by 124 guns in Moscow.
Residents of our town made a worthy contribution to the cause of Victory. 12 of them were awarded the Gold-Star of Hero and many soldiers were decorated with medals and orders.
Read the Strategies.
LISTENING STRATEGIES: Listening for specific information
Before you listen, make sure you understand what information you need.
Read any cues, questions, key words and try to guess possible answers to matching, true/false or multiple-choice questions.
While you are listening, listen for words from the questions or synonyms.
Don't worry if you don't understand everything. Concentrate on the important words.
If you are not sure about an answer, make a guess!
Read the sentences below. Use the Strategies. Are the sentences true (T) or false (F)?
June 22 was the beginning if the Great Patriotic War.
13 enemy divisions and 57 brigades were flung on the territory of Ukraine.
Skilled workers and a lot of plants were evacuated to the Urals and Siberia.
They worked hard there and produced necessary goods.
Nikopol was seized by fascists in 1942.
Some partisan detachments and underground patriotic groups fought against enemies to the last ditch (до останньої краплі крові).
Our town was liberated in 1943.
12 residents of our town were decorated with different orders and medals.