After finishing school some graduates remained at school and taught Cossacks to read and write and served in the church. The others went away all over Zaporizhia and became reciters, priests, psalm readers, but at the same time all of them worked as teachers. There were very few of such people but they did a very important work – they irradiated Ukrainian people, they served the God, Education and Culture.
In 1766 Rada of Zaporizhian Kosh took the decision to organize a school and a hospital for beggars and cripples. There were also vocal music schools in New Sich, where pupils were trained in church singing. Their graduates became heads of choruses and Cossack ensembles. Unfortunately, all these schools were closed with liquidation of Sich. And that spark of knowledge and culture which was wakened by our teachers began to die away. Only in 1808 old Zaporizhian Cossacks could open school in our town again. In many respects that school reminded the old one. Former Zaporizhian Cossack, hieromonk I.Nazarevkiy held the position of school head. The priests were mentors and assistants at school.
With the further development of Nikopol new schools, programmar schools and a commercial school arose in our town.
Read the text. Match the characters (1 - 5) with the actions (a - h).
1 Pavlo Khlebskiy 2 mentors 3 Zaporizhian Cossacks 4 pupils 5 school graduates
a staged kolyadky and greetings
b were mostly alumni of Kyiv-Mohyla Academy
c wrote chronicles about Zaporizhian Sich
d gathered herbs and studied folk medicine
e made some donations for school keeping
f became priests, psalm readers and served as teachers
g taught children, trained them in soldiery
h lived as one community
Read the text again. Are these sentences true (T) or false (F)?
There were a great number of schools in our region in the 16th century.
The centres of cultural life in the 17th century were churches and monasteries.
Mentors themselves were good at soldiery.
Nobody worried about pupils' health.
Pupils had to pay for their study at school.
After finishing school graduates became unemployed.
Their services were highly valued by their fellow countrymen.
In the 18th century there were different types of educational foundations in our region.
Match the words (1- 6) with the meanings (a -f)
1 an orphan a a person who has no money or resources
2 a mentor b a child, one or both of whose parents are dead
3 an alumnus (pl. alumni) c a contribution
4 donations d a person who is or seems disabled in some way
5 a beggar e a graduate of a school, college, etc.
6 a cripple f a wise or trusted adviser or guide
In groups, or with the whole class, discuss the following.
What do you think were the most important things about those first schools?
Would you like to study at those schools?
What do you think would happen if schools were not closed with liquidation of Sich?
TEXT 2: T.G.SHEVCHENKO AND OUR REGION
In September 1843 T.G.Shevchenko came to Nikopolschina from the island of Khortytsia. He was attracted by historical places connected with the history of Zaporizhian Cossacks.
In the village of Pokrovskoye Shevchenko made a drawing of Pokrovskaya Sich church. This church was built in 1798 in accordance with canons of the former Sich church. Residents of the village traditionally called it the Sich church, I.Repin and O.Dovzhenko among them. The church stood there till its submersion by the Kahovskoye reservoir in 1955-1956.
Being in Ukraine T.G.Shevchenko had the intention of printing of series of etchings "Scenic Ukraine". He wanted to depict the past and the present of Ukrainian people. The first issue of "Scenic Ukraine" saw the light in Petersburg in November 1844. In spite of the fact that "Scenic Ukraine" included only six etchings, it was highly appreciated by the progressive public.
The painter intended to print the second issue of "Scenic Ukraine" in 1845. He planned to print "Pokrovskaya Sich church" along with other paintings in it. Unfortunately, the further issues of "Scenic Ukraine" were not appeared.
Residents of the village Pokrovskoye hold sacred the memory of the great compatriot. In 1964 in the village a memorial plaque and the bust of the poet were unveiled in memory of his visit to Pokrovskoye.
In Nikopol a memorial plaque was set in the wall of school №1 in memory of the 175th anniversary of Shevchenko's birth and his sojourn in Nikopolschina.
Before you start
1. Work in pairs. Try to guess the answers to the questions below.
What famous Ukrainians were art and part in the history of our region and our town, visited our region or lived here?
What famous Ukrainian poet and painter visited our town in 1843?
For what purpose did he come here?
2. Read the Strategies: Multiple-choice questions
Read the questions and alternative answers.
Try to eliminate any unlikely answers and try to predict possible answers from your general knowledge.
Decide what type of information you are listening for (e.g. adjectives, numbers, and frequency or quantity words).
Remember, the words in the recording may not be the same as the words in the question. Try to think of synonyms of important words.
The first time you listen, try to get the general idea and mark any answers that are clearly correct.
The second time, focus on the answers you are not sure of.
If it is a test and you don't know the answer, always guess!
3. Listen to the text about Shevchenko's visit to Nikopolschina. Use the Strategies to answer the questions.
T.G.Shevchenko came to Nikopolschina from ...
a. Moscow b. Kyiv c. Khortytsia
2. He aimed to ...
a. make some drawings b. visit his relatives c. have a rest
3. Pokrovskaya Sich church vanished completely in ...
a. the 19th century b. the 20th century c. the 21st century
4. T.G.Shevchenko dreamt of printing of series of etchings ...
a. "Scenic Ukraine" b. "Beloved Ukraine" c. "Poor Ukraine"
5. The first issue was published in ...
a. 1843 b. 1844 c. 1845
6. There were ... etchings in it.
a. 16 b. 60 c. 6
7. The issue was highly appreciated by ...
a. Shevchenko's friends b. the progressive public c. the Academy of Arts
8. The further issues ...
a. were not published b. were a failure c. passed unnoticed
4. Listen again. Write notes about these things. Then compare your notes with a partner.
Pokrovskaya Sich church
Our memory of the great compatriot
5. Game. Work in groups. Try to retell the text. Take turns to say sentences. You get a point for every correct sentence.
1. What do you know about Nikopol? Choose a, b or c.
Nikopol is situated ... of the Kahovskoye reservoir
a. on the right bank b. on the left bank c. in the centre
2. Nikopol is surrounded by ...