Читання тексту Dicken`s London і його обговорення.
Charles Dickens was one of Britain's most famous writers. He wrote stories about life in London, where he lived.
London was a very unpleasant place 150 years ago. Poor children used to start work when they were six. Iftheir parents died, they used to go into workhouses, where they worked ten or twelve hours a day for little food. Many children died.
Dickens had a hard life. His parents lost their money, so he started work at the age of twelve. He used to walk ten kilometers a day to work in a factory. He earned 30p a week.
Later, he became a journalist and reported events in Parliament. He used to write his Parliamentary reports in the morning and his novels in the afternoon. (Writers at those days didn't use to earn a lot of money).
Dickens wrote a lot of famous novels - for example David Copperfield, A Christmas Carol, and Great Expectations. One of his most famous books was Oliver Twist, a story about a boy's life in the workhouse and on the streets of London. Dickens lived in Doughty Street, London, from 1837 to 1839; His house is now the Dickens Museum.
Charles Dickens was born in 1812 and died in 1870.
Усні відповіді на запитання:
1. How old was Dickens when he first lived in Doughty Street?
2. Was London a nice place 150 years ago?
3. How old was Dickens when he started work?
4. Why did he start work at this age?
5. How much did he earn in his first job?
6. What did Dickens do in Parliament?
7. What kind of books did he write?
We use used to to talk about things that happened regularly in the past but not longer happen now.
Example. We used to live in a crowded flat and now we have a comfortable house.
I used to like horror films when I was young.
Робота з граматичними правилами.
Children used to start work at the age of six.
Circle the correct answer.
o Did this happen in the past? Yes / No
o Did it happen often? Yes / No
o Does it happen now? Yes / No
Look at the examples below. Which talk(s) about:
o a past state or habit that doesn't happen any more?
o action/event that happened at a specific time in the past?
People used to travel/traveled by coach re~ but now they don't - they use cars didn't use to have/didn't have running after or electricity, (but now they do)
- went to the 'Victorian Experience' - museum last weekend. NOT: John used to go.
Find examples of past states/habits in the text.
Use the prompts to make sentences about life 100 years ago. Use used to/didn't use to.
1. Children play in the streets/not watch TV.
2. People write letters/not send emails.
3. People travel by ship/not travel by plane.
4. Poor people not do any sport/work long hours.
5. People read a lot/not go cinema.
Children used to play in the streets. They didn't use to watch TV.
1) Work in pairs. Use these ideas as well as your own to find out what your partner used to do when he/she was six.
o fight with other children;
o do a lot of sport;
o watch a lot of TV;
o play in the street;
o go to bed early;
o help in the kitchen.
A: Did you use to fight with other children when you were six?
B: No, I didn't. Did you...
2) Fill in the gaps with used to the correct form and the verb in brackets.
A: Grandma, what 1) did you use to do (you/do) for fun when you were young?
B: Well, we
2)....................................... (not/watch TV) because we didn't have one
in those days. We
3)................:.............. (play) outside a lot and we 4) ....................
(go) for long walks in the countryside.
A: 5) ........................................................ (you/listen) to the radio?
B: Yes, we did and we 6) ........................... (read) books and play card games, too.
A: Which was your favourite?
B: I 7) ................(love) playing 'Old Maid'. I can teach you how to play it if you want.
Виконання письмового завдання
Write sentences about Dickens` London using used to. Use the information in the text.
1. Poor children (start) work when they were six.
2. If their parents died, the children (go) into the workhouse.
3. In the workhouse, they (work) ten or twelve hours a day.
4. They (not / get) a lot of food.
5. Charles Dickens (walk) ten kilometers to work.
6. He (earn) 30p a week.
Talk about you. Think of three things which you used to do, but don`t do now.
Використання в усному мовленні used to.
Учні говорять про речі, які вони робили в минулому, але сьогодні не роблять.
Прослуховування інформації, яку розповідає гід про життя в Лондоні в часи Діккенса.
The museum guide is going to talk about life in Dickens` London. In pairs, decide what she is going to say about these things: candle, long dress, train, horse and cart.
Listen and compare your answers with what the guide said.
Life in Dickens` England was difficult for many people. Of course, there weren't any cars, so people used to travel by horse and cart. This sometimes caused problems. If you wanted to cross the street, someone used to clean the street for you with a brush before you crossed the road ... and of course they didn't use to have electricity so when you were traveling in your horse and cart, a person used to walk in front of you carrying a torch ... Long distance travel wasn't too difficult, everybody used to travel by train and there were a lot of trains then ... Women used to wear very long dresses, which weren't very comfortable. Short dresses didn't exist at all in Dickens` England ... and of course in the evening, when you went to bed, you used to use a candle. People used to read and write using candles because there were no electric lights. They didn't have electric lights at all.
III. Заключна частина
1. Підбиття підсумку уроку.
Now you can:
o Talk about life in the past.
o Use future tenses more effectively.
o Describe what objects are made of.
o Talk about Charles Dickens` life.
o Talk about life in London 150 years ago.
o Report what somebody said.
2. Оцінювання та коментар навчальних досягнень учнів за підсумками роботи на уроці.