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Swift Jonathan - Реферат

bowdlerized form as a children's book, it is a great and sophisticated satire of human nature based on Swift's experience of his times. Gulliver's Travels is an anatomy of human nature, a sardonic looking-glass, often criticized for its apparent misanthropy. It asks its readers to refute it, to deny that it has not adequately characterized human nature and society. Each of the four books--recounting four voyages to mostly-fictional exotic lands--has a different theme, but all are attempts to deflate human pride. Critics hail the work as a satiric reflection on the failings of Enlightenment modernism.
In 1729, he published A Modest Proposal For Preventing The Children Of Poor People In Ireland Being A Burden To Their Parents Or Country, And For Making Them Beneficial To The Public, a satire in which the narrator, with intentionally grotesque logic, recommends that Ireland's poor escape their poverty by selling their children as food to the rich: "I have been assured by a very knowing American of my acquaintance in London, that a young healthy child well nursed is at a year old a most delicious, nourishing, and wholesome food..." Following the satirical form, he introduces the reforms he is actually suggesting by deriding them:
Therefore let no man talk to me of other expedients...taxing our absentees...using [nothing] except what is of our own growth and manufacture...rejecting...foreign luxury...introducing a vein of parsimony, prudence and temperance...learning to love our country...quitting our animosities and factions...teaching landlords to have at least one degree of mercy towards their tenants....Therefore I repeat, let no man talk to me of these and the like expedients, 'till he hath at least some glympse of hope, that there will ever be some hearty and sincere attempt to put them into practice.
" According to other sources [citation needed], Richard Steele uses the personae of Isaac Bickerstaff and was the one who wrote about the "death" of John Partridge and published it in The Spectator, notJonathan Swift.*
Essays, tracts, pamphlets, periodicals
" "A Meditation upon a Broomstick" (1703-1710): Full text: Blackmask
" "A Critical Essay upon the Faculties of the Mind" (1707-1711)
" The Bickerstaff-Partridge Papers (1708-1709): Full text: U of Adelaide
" "An Argument Against Abolishing Christianity" (1708-1711): Full text: U of Adelaide
" The Intelligencer (with Thomas Sheridan) (1710-????): Text: Project Gutenberg
" The Examiner (1710): Texts: Ourcivilisation.com, Project Gutenberg
" "A Proposal for Correcting, Improving and Ascertaining the English Tongue" (1712): Full texts: Jack Lynch, U of Virginia
" "On the Conduct of the Allies" (1713)
" "Hints Toward an Essay on Conversation" (1713): Full text: Bartleby.com
" "A Letter to a Young Gentleman, Lately Entered into Holy Orders" (1720)
" "A Letter of Advice to a Young Poet" (1721): Full text: Bartleby.com
" Drapier's Letters (1724, 1725): Full text: Project Gutenberg
" "Bon Mots de Stella" (1726): a curiously irrelevant appendix to "Gulliver's Travels"
" A Modest Proposal, perhaps the most famous satire in English, suggesting that the Irish should engage in cannibalism. (Written in 1729)
" "An Essay on the Fates of Clergymen": Full text: JaffeBros
" "A Treatise on Good Manners and Good Breeding": Full text: Bartleby.com
" "On the Death of Esther Johnson": Full text: Bartleby.com
" "An Essay On Modern Education": Full text: JaffeBros
An 1850 illustration of Swift.
" "Ode to the Athenian Society" 1692 (first published work)
" Poems of Jonathan Swift, D.D. Texts at Project Gutenberg: Volume One, Volume Two
" "Baucis and Philemon" (1706-1709): Full text: Blackmask
" "A Description of the Morning" (1709): Full annotated text: U of Toronto; Another text: U of Virginia
" "A Description of a City Shower" (1710): Full text: U of Virginia
" "Cadenus and Vanessa" (1713): Full text: Blackmask
" "Phillis, or, the Progress of Love" (1719): Full text: theotherpages.org
" Stella's birthday poems:
o 1719. Full annotated text: U of Toronto
o 1720. Full text: U of Virginia
o 1727. Full text: U of Toronto
" "The Progress of Beauty" (1719-1720): Full text: OurCivilisation.com
" "The Progress of Poetry" (1720): Full text: theotherpages.org
" "A Satirical Elegy on the Death of a Late Famous General" (1722): Full text: U of Toronto
" "To Quilca, a Country House not in Good Repair" (1725): Full text: U of Toronto
" "Advice to the Grub Street Verse-writers" (1726): Full text: U of Toronto
" "The Furniture of a Woman's Mind" (1727)
" "On a Very Old Glass" (1728): Full text: Gosford.co.uk
" "A Pastoral Dialogue" (1729): Full text: Gosford.co.uk
" "The Grand Question debated Whether Hamilton's Bawn should be turned into a Barrack or a Malt House" (1729): Full text: Gosford.co.uk
" "On Stephen Duck, the Thresher and Favourite Poet" (1730): Full text: U of Toronto
" "Death and Daphne" (1730): Full text: OurCivilisation.com
" "The Place of the Damn'd" (1731): Full text
" "A Beautiful Young Nymph Going to Bed" (1731): Full annotated text: Jack Lynch; Another text: U of Virginia
" "Strephon and Chloe" (1731): Full annotated text: Jack Lynch; Another text: U of Virginia
" "Helter Skelter" (1731): Full text: OurCivilisation.com
" "Cassinus and Peter: A Tragical Elegy" (1731): Full annotated text: Jack Lynch
" "The Day of Judgment" (1731): Full text
" "Verses on the Death of Dr. Swift, D.S.P.D." (1731-1732): Full annotated texts: Jack Lynch, U of Toronto; Non-annotated text:: U of Virginia
" "An Epistle To A Lady" (1732): Full text: OurCivilisation.com
" "The Beasts' Confession to the Priest" (1732): Full annotated text: U of Toronto
" "The Lady's Dressing Room" (1732): Full annotated text: Jack Lynch
" "On Poetry: A Rhapsody" (1733)
" "The Puppet Show" Full text: Worldwideschool.org
" "The Logicians Refuted" Full text: Worldwideschool.org
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