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The USA (конспект уроку) - Реферат

The USA

Objectives:

  • To check the pupils' skills of listening and understanding the English speech;

  • to develop pupils' memory;

  • - to teach pupils to work in pairs, groups:

  • To teach pupils to collect information and make the conclusions.

Supplies: cards, map, pictures

Type of the lesson: listening lesson

Procedure

I. The beginning of the lesson

1. Greeting.

- How do you do!

- How do you do!

Aim.

The topic of our today's lesson is "The USA".

By the end of the lesson you should be able activize the geographical terms learned at the previous lessons to understand the gist and details of the text for listening and to express your attitude to its contents.

Warming up.

Play the game " Who will make up more sentences?", using the words and expressions given below:

To be situated, to be washed , to surround, a climate, to occupy,in the north, in the west, in the eastan ocean, a strait, to border on....

II. The main part of the lesson

At the previous lessons we've spoken about the UK. But today we'll speak about the USA.

1. Listening

Pre-listening activities.

a) Problem Solving.

What do you think?

Look at the map of the USA and answer the question;

Is the geographical position of the USA suitable for the development of its relations with foreign countries?

b) Listen to the following geographical names:

The USA

The Atlantic Ocean

The Pacific Ocean

The Artic Ocean

The Appalachian Mountains

The Rocky Mountains

The Mississippi....

Find them on the map of the USA.

c) Listen, then read the article and match its seven paragraphs to the topics from a) to g) noted after the text.

THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA

(1) The United States of America is a name of the country composed of 50 states joined in a federal republic, and its citizens are known as "Americans'.

In the north the US is bordered by Canada, and in the south it borders on Mexico. It is washed by the Atlantic Ocean in the East and by the Pacific Ocean in the West.

(2) Hawaii, which became the 50th state in 1959, is situated in the Pacific Ocean halfway between the west-coast states and the Far East.

Alaska is separated from Russia by only about 50 miles across the Bering Strait.

(3) The main part of the United States consists of several physical divisions, including highland and lowland regions. Major highlands are the Appalachian Mountains in the east and the Rocky Mountains in the west. The Rocky Mountains extend from Mexico to Canada. The mountains are crossed by streams which flow through deep canyons and fall into the Pacific Ocean. The largest among them are the Colorado and the Columbia rivers.

These rivers are unsuitable for navigation, but they serve as an immense source of electric power.

- The central lowland between the two main mountain ranges makes up the basin of the Mississippi River. Its main tributaries are the Missouri and the Ohio Rivers. The Mississippi together with the Missouri form the longest river in the world (7,300 km).

The northern part of the USA embraces the region of the five Great Lakes (Lake

Superior, Lake Huron, Lake Michigan, Lake Erie and Lake Ontario), which are connected by natural channels cut by rapids. The greatest of these rapids is the Niagara Falls.

4. Crossed by mountain ranges from north to south, the country unprotected from cold winds from the north and from warm wind from the south. This causes great temperature fluctuations. On the whole, USA has a continental climate.

5. The country is rich in coal, oil, iron and minerals,which form a solid base for the development of American industry. The US economy is highly developed. In fact, the United States is leading countries in the world economy.

6.The people of the United States are a mixture of many different nationalities. The United States is often called a big melting pot of countries. In a melting pot, different metals are melted together make a new metal. The United States is like a melting pot for people. In the past , people from many different European countries came to the US and made one country out of many. In one city you can find people whose parents or great-grandparents came from China, Africa, Southeast Asia and many European countries. These different people brought a wonderful mixture of customs and traditions to their new land. The German brought Christmas trees, the Irish - St. Patrick's Day celebrations, the Scots — Halloween.

7. The red-white-and-blue flag of the United States is known as 'Old Glory' or the 'Stars and Stripes'. Red stands for courage, white for purity and blue for justice.13 stripes represent the first original American colonies, which were united into one country. The stars in the flag, white on the deep blue background, represent the number of states making up the United States. Today it has 50 each state, and 13 stripes, one for each of the original states.

Everyone can be greatly surprised by the fact how Americans

honour and treat their flag. In American schools the day begins with the ceremony of raising the flag.

While –Listening Activity

Write down the Key-facts about the USA

The United States of America

Key- facts

Name:_______________________________________

Area:________________________________________

Washed:_____________________________________

Population:___________________________________Capital:______________________________________

Climate:______________________________________

Post-Listening Activities

a) Listen, then read the article and match its seven paragraphs to the topics from a) to g) noted after the text.

  1. the landscape

  2. the flag

  3. the geographical

  4. the mineral resources

  5. the smallest and the biggest states

  6. the climate

  7. the people

b) Say if the statements are true or false.

1. Hawaii is thesmallest state of the USA.

2. The Coloradoand the Columbia rivers flow through the Rocky Mountains.

3. The Missouriand the Ohio rivers are the tributaries of the Columbia river.

4. There are fivelakes in the northern part of the USA, which embrace the area knownas the Region of Great Lakes.

5. The people of the USA are known as Germans, Irish and Scots.

6. "Stars and Stripes" is another name of American money.

7.There were 12 original states which gave birth tothe USA.

8. The USAis composed of 50 states today.

c) Arrange the words in pairs of antonyms. Write them down into your notebook.

South

Lowlands

Long cold

Immense

West

Old

To separate

Suitable

To take a source

Developed

Mild climate

To flow into

East

North

Continental climate

Highlands

Warm

Unsuitable

New

Undeveloped

To join

Short

Small

d) Arrange the words in pairs of synonyms.

Immense

Region

Prominent

To compose

To separate

To flow into

A range

Unsuitable

Highlands

Main

To make up

To divede

To fall into

A chain

Uncomfortable

Hills

Outstanding

Chief

Huge

area

  1. Do the exercise 2 on page 38 in your workbook.

Fill in the following chart ranking the countries in the columns.

Number them 1,2,3 beginning with the biggest. The first is done for you.

Country

Ukraine

The UK

The USA

Size

2

3

1

Pouplation

Density of population

Border length

Mountains

Height

Length of rivers

III. Finishing the lesson

Summary of today's work at the lesson.

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