Animals are living organisms. They come in many shapes and sizes. They live throughout the world. No one knows exactly how many kinds of animals there are. New kinds are found every year. So far, scientists have identified more than 1, 5 million types of animals. Lives of animals range from several hours to many years. Some animals make wonderful pets. Some animals can be dangerous to people. Some animals help people work. Animals live everywhere on the earth.
A bird is an animal with feathers. All birds have feathers and they are the only animals that have them. All birds have wings. No other animal can travel faster than a bird. However not all birds can fly. Some birds serve as symbols: the owl is a symbol of wisdom; the dove is a symbol of peace. The Bald Eagle is a symbol of the USA. It is the symbol of strength and courage.
There are 9700 kinds of birds. They live in all parts of the world. All birds lay eggs, the majority of them live in nests. Birds can be pets.
Fish are animals that live in water. The various kinds of fish differ so greatly in shape, colour and size. Many have colours as bight as the most brightly coloured birds. Fish live almost everywhere there is water. Almost all fish have fins, which they use for swimming. The first fish appeared on the earth about 500 million years ago. Fish are very useful for people.
An insect is a small six-legged animal. About one million of animals are insects. Scientists discover from 7000 to 10000 new species of insects every year. Insects live almost everywhere on earth. Only in the oceans few insects are found. Insects first appeared on earth at least 400 million years ago. The world of insects includes some of the most beautiful and fantastic animals on earth. There are insects of all colours of the rainbow and an amazing variety of shapes.
Teacher: Good. And now tell me what kind of animal you would like to be and why.
(Pupils say sentences like:I'd like to be a dove, fly high in the sky and see the beauty of the world.)
Teacher: That was really interesting to hear. Your answers were rather exciting. Now, listen to the poem. It is a funny one and it will help us to relax a bit.
If I had the wings of a bird of the air
And the fins of a fish of the sea,
I could travel with speed and abandon all care
I could ramble wide world free.
The wings of a bird and the fins of a fish
As well as the legs of a deer –
I could fly, I could swim,
I could run as I wish
But I'd certainly look
/ by R. Armor/
Teacher: But the world looks so beautiful not only because of different species of animals, but, in fact, because of plants. There are so many kinds of plants: huge trees and tiny grass, long-living forests and flowers which bloom for a couple of hours. They are so different, so colourful and so wonderful! Let's name some of them. I will give each of you a card with the description of a plant. Read and guess what it is.
This plant is one of the group of about 40 slender trees in North America, Europe, and Northern Asia. Its bark is usually white and black. In spring the trees produce long catkins. This tree is a symbol of Russia and they are rather numerous in Ukraine. (A birch)
This is a plant which is very famous in agriculture. It's rather big. It has black seeds. People usually make oil of the seeds of the plant. And this plant is famous for the yellow flowers which turn to the direction of the sun. They also look like the sun. (A sunflower)
This plant is very unusual and wonderful. It has large round leaves and rather big white flowers. This plant doesn't grow in the forest or in the field. You can't see it in the garden as well. It grows in the water of quiet rivers or lakes and frogs like to sit on its leaves. (A water-lily)
This is a bush. Every spring its branches turn white, pink, purple and violet. Each branch is covered with many small flowers of four petals each. They form amazing, sweet-smelling spring wonders. (A lilac)
This plant is known all over the world. The gardens are bright with its flowers every autumn. The flowers very much differ in size and colour. They have very strong and pleasant smell. And this flower is also a symbol of Japan. (A chrysanthemum)
This plant is beloved by all children and adults. It is the symbol of happiness and celebrations. It is green all the year round. It grows in the forests and has special smell. It is useful to breathe in the forests where these plants grow. You can find one on Christmas in many homes. (A fir-tree)
This is one of the earliest plants. It appears when there is still snow on the ground. It has small flowers which look like the stars. They are usually white, pink, rose, purple and violet. You can find this plant either in the forests or in the gardens. (A primrose)
This is a spring flower. It is white or yellow. It has thin long leaves. It is usually grown in the gardens and is really beautiful. It has sweet smell. There is a legend about the prince named as this flower. (A daffodil)
It is a climbing plant. It is blooming the whole summer. Its flowers are not big and they don't have special smell, but it is famous in the gardens. People like it to climb over their fences. The flowers open every morning and cover every evening. From that comes its name. (A morning glory)
Teacher: Great! You are very smart and know many different plants. But today we can't but mention one really essential thing. This is The Red Book. Who can tell me what it is and what we can read in it?
(Short descriptive information about the Red Book, prepared beforehand is announced)
The Red Book is a list of rare and endangered specious of animals and plants. It also includes documentary data about their number and the reasons of their extinction. It was founded in 1949 and it has changed greatly till nowadays. Many new species were added.
Teacher: That's right. This book is the book of our shame, because mainly men are guilty in the situation with extinct species. Why has it happened to some kinds of animals and why many of them are still in danger? And who is to blame? These are the questions and I want you to find the answers. There is a big sheet of paper on the wall. You can see a diagram with the word Danger in the centre. There are also written the most important problems. Please take a marker and write a couple of words on this subject and give a short explanation to them. How do they influence people and animals and plants?
Teacher: I am happy that you perfectly understand the situation. Soon you will become grown-ups. You are those who will be obliged to get over it and to stop destroying nature. We must put our heads together and draw the final line. Let's say NO to nature polluting. Let's find ways of living in peace with the environment. Today many people are horrified with the future. The question is still in the air. But everyone understands that steps should be done to avoid the catastrophe. Remember! If you want anything to be done, do it yourself. Think and say what can you do even today to help the situation?
Throw litter only in special places.
Take care of nature.
Clean the territories near our houses.
Feed birds and other animals in winter.
Let water run without need.
Damage holes and nests.
Burn leaves in autumn.
Leave bottles, papers and fire in the places of picnics.
Teacher: Good. I am sure you will do only right things. And as a conclusion I want you to remember the epigraph of the lesson.
The Earth is a tiny part of the Universe and the only place where human beings can live.
This is our home and there will never be another one. So, be sure that everything is in order in it and live happily. Never put off till tomorrow what can be done today!
And this is the end of the lesson. We've done a great job together! I thank everyone and I want to give a short summary of your work and give you marks.