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Kurt Cobain Biography (біографія Курта Кобейна) - Реферат

Реферат Kurt Cobain Biography (біографія Курта Кобейна) Kurt Donald Cobain was the leader of Nirvana,the multiplatinum gruge bandthat redefined the soud of the ninetiens. Cobain was born on the 20th of February 1967 in Hoquaim, a small town 140 kilometres south-west of Seattle. His mother was a cocktail waitress and his fatherwas an auto mechanic. Cobain soon moved to nearby Aberdeen, a depressed and dyinglogging town. Cobain was for for most his childhood a sickly bronchitic child. Matter were made worse when Cobain's parent's divorsed when he was seven and by his own account Cobain said he never felt loved or secure again. He became increasingly difficult, anty-socisl and withdrawn after his parent's divorce. Cobain also said that his parent's traumatic split fueled a lot of the anguish in Nirvana's music. After his parent's divorse Cobain found himself shuttled back and forth between various relatives and at one stage homeless living under a bridge. When Cobain was eleven he heard and was captivated by the Britain's Sex Pistols and after their self-destruction Cobain and friend Krist Novoselic continued to listen to the wave of British bands including Joy Division the nihilistic post-punk band that some say Nirvana are directly and iconoclastic attitude didn't win many friends in high school and sometimes earned him beatings from "jocks" Cobain got even by spray painting "QUEER" on their pick-up trucks. By 1985 Aberdeen was dead and Cobain's next stop was Olympia. Cobain fomed and reormed a series of bands before Nirvana came to be in 1986. Nirvana was an uneasyaiiiance between Cobain, bassist Krist Novoselic and eventually drummer and multi-instrumentalist Dave Grohl. By 1988 Nirvana were doing shows and had demo tapes going around. In 1989 Nirvana recorded their rough-edged first album Bleach for local Seattle independent label Sub-Pop. In Britain Nirvana received a lot of recognition and in 1991 their contract was bought out by Geffen, they signed to the mega-label, the first nonmainstream band to do so. Two and a half years after Nirvana's first C.D. Bleach was released they realesd Nevermind, a series of different, crunching, screaming song that along with it's first single Smells Like Teem Spirit would propel Nirvana to mainstream stardom. Smells Like Teen Spirit became Nirvana's most highly acclaimed and instantly song. Not many people can decipher it's exact lyrics but Cobain used a seductive hookline to hook the listener. Nevermind went on to sell ten million copies and make a reported $550 million (US) leaving Nirvana overnight millionaires. Cobain was shoked at the reception of his highly personal and passionate music repeatendly telling reporters that none of the bamd ever, ever expected anything like this. It quikly become obvious that the obsessively sickly and sensitive 24yr old was not going to cope well with the rock'n'roll lifestyle. "If there was a rock star 101 course, I'd really have like to take it," Cobain onceobserved. Cobain fell into heroin in the early 90's, he used it as a shield against the rigorous demands of touring and to stop the pain of stomach ulcers or an irritated bowel through the touring and pessure Cobain continued to write his personal acutely focused lyrics. Cobain was distressed to find out that what he wrote an how it was interpreted could quit often be miles apart. He was appaled when he found out that Polly a heavily ironic anti-rate song had been used as background music in a real gang-rape. He later appealed to fans on the Incesticide liner note "If any of you don't like gays or women od blacks, please leave us the … alone." It was to no avail, Cobain foundthat as an overnight millionaire musician control was something he had very little of. Cobain also warried that his band sold-out, that it was attracting the wrong kind of fans. In February 1992 Cobain skipped off to Hawaii to marry the already pregnant Courtney Love. Later in the year Nirvana released Incesticide and in August Cobain had hospital treatment for heroin abuse. Shortly after Trances Bean Cobain was born/ in early 1993 in Utero was released into the top spot on the music charts In Utero was widely acclaimend by the music press and it contains some of Cobain's most passionate work. In Utero was a lot more open tham Nirvana's previous albums songs like all apologies box detailed aspects of Cobain's someimes shaky marriage, other like Scentless Apprentice detailed the ogonies and strugglesof Cobain's eperiences. Nirvana embarked on a supporttour and recorded and filmed an "unplugged" (acoustic) performance for MTV in November of 1993. Nirvana's choice to honour bands and people that had influenced them and Cobain's passionate and intense vocal especially on "Where Did You Sleep Last Night?" silenced many of their who had labeled Cobain talentless. Rumors circulated that the MTV Unplugged compilation would be Nirvana's last album and the band were splitting up. Cobain was a gun fonatic and always had several in his possesion or in various formof confiscation in the northen winter of 1993-94 Nirvana embarked on an extesive European tour. Twenty concerts into the tour Cobain developed throat problems and their schedule was interrupted while he recovered. While recovering Cobain flew to Rome to join his wife who was also preparing to tour with her own band. On March the 4th Cobain was rushed to hospital in a coma after an unsuccessful suicide bid in which he washed down about fifty prescription painkillers with champagne. The suicide bid was officially called an accident and was not even made known to close friends and associates. Several days later he returned to Seattle. Cobain's wife,friends and managers convinced Cobain, who was still in deep distress to enter a detox programe in L.A. According to a missing person's report filed by his mother Cobain fled after only a few days of the program. Cobain was cited in the Seattle area with a shotgun. Days later on the 5th of April he barricaded himself into the granny flat behind his mansion, put a shotgun in his mouth and pulled the trigger.on Thursday April the 7th two days aftera medical examiner says Cobain shot himself and the day before his body was found police say Courtney Love herself was taken to hospital in L.A. for a drug overdose. Released on bail, Love checked herself into a rehab centre but left soon after a friend called her the next day with news of Cobain's death. Cobain's body was founded when an electrician visiting the house to install a security system went round the back of the house whenno one answered the front door and peered through windovs. He thought he saw a mannequin spravled on the floor until he noticed a splotch of blood by Cobain's ear. When police broke down the door they found Cobain dead on the floor, a snotgun stillpointed at his chin and on a nearby counter a suicide notewritten in red ink addressed to Love and the couples then 19 month old daughter Frances Bean. The suicide note ended with the words " I love you, I love you." Two days after Kurt Cobain's body was found about 5ooo people gsthered in Seattle for a candlelight vigil. The distraught crowd filled the air withprofane chants, burnt their flannel shirts and with police. They also listened to a tape by Cobain's wife in which she read from his suicide note. Several distressed teenagers in the U.S. and Australia killed themselves. The mainstream media was lambasted for it's lack of respect and uderstanding of youth culture.