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Yulia Tymoshenko - Реферат

Yulia Tymoshenko
Yulia Tymoshenko Юлія Тимош?нко
10th Prime Minister of Ukraine
In office
January 24, 2005 - September 8, 2005
Preceded by Mykola Azarov
Succeeded by Yuriy Yekhanurov
Born November 27, 1960 (age 47)
Dnipropetrovsk, Dnipropetrovsk Oblast, Ukrainian SSR
Political party Yulia Tymoshenko Bloc
Spouse Oleksandr Tymoshenko
Religion Eastern Orthodox
1 Personal life
1.1 Business life
1.2 Present private life
1.3 Symbolic hairstyle and wardrobe
2 Political career
2.1 Early career
2.2 Campaigns against Kuchma and 2002 election
2.3 After the Orange Revolution
2.4 2006 parliamentary election
2.5 2007 Foreign Affairs article
2.6 2007 parliamentary election
3 Footnotes and references
4 External links
Yulia[1] Volodymyrivna Tymoshenko (Ukrainian: Юлія Володимирівна Тимош?нко) (born on November 27, 1960) is a Ukrainian politician and former Prime Minister of Ukraine (from January 24 to September 8, 2005). She is leader of the All-Ukrainian Union "Fatherland" party and the Yulia Tymoshenko Bloc.
Before becoming Ukraine's first female Prime Minister, Tymoshenko was one of the key leaders of the Orange Revolution. In this period, some Western media publications dubbed her as the "Joan of Arc of the Revolution".[2]
On July 28, 2005, Forbes magazine named her, already a Prime Minister, third most powerful woman in the world, behind only Condoleezza Rice and Wu Yi.[3]
Prior to her political career, Yulia Tymoshenko was a successful but controversial businesswoman in the gas industry, which made her wealthy. She is considered to be a possible candidate for President of Ukraine in 2010.[4][5]
Personal life
Tymoshenko is the daughter of Ludmila Nikolaevna Telegina and Vladimir Abramovich Grigyan (her father left the family when Yulia was three years old). She was born in Dnipropetrovsk, Ukraine (then the Ukrainian SSR). In 1979, she married Oleksandr Tymoshenko, son of a mid-level Soviet communist party bureaucrat, and began rising through a number of positions under the Komsomol, the official Soviet Communist youth organization. She graduated from the Dnipropetrovsk State University with a degree in economics in 1984, and went on to gain a candidate degree (the equivalent of a Ph.D.) in economics. Since then, she has written about 50 papers. She was dubbed as one of the most beautiful women to ever enter politics by The Globe and Mail in 2001.
Business life
Tymoshenko without her characteristic braids.
In 1989, as part of the perestroika initiatives, Yulia Tymoshenko founded and headed a Komsomol video rental chain[6] (which grew to be quite successful), and later privatized it.
Tymoshenko experienced a rise in power under the Soviet system, but it was after the demise of the Soviet Union that she rose to particular prominence, directing several energy-related companies and acquiring a significant fortune between 1990 and 1998. During privatization in Ukraine, which mirrored that in Russia in terms of corruption and mismanagement, she became one of the wealthiest[citation needed] oligarchs in Ukraine, exporting metals.
From 1995 to 1997, Tymoshenko was the president of the United Energy Systems of Ukraine, a privately owned middleman company that became the main importer of Russian natural gas to Ukraine in 1996. During that time she was nicknamed "gas princess" in light of accusations that she has been reselling enormous quantities of stolen gas and avoiding taxation of those deals.
In the business period of her life, Tymoshenko involved business relations (either co-operative or hostile) with many important figures of Ukraine, first of all, in Dnipropetrovsk. The list includes Pavlo Lazarenko, Viktor Pinchuk, Ihor Kolomoyskyi, Rinat Akhmetov, and, of course, Leonid Kuchma who at that time was the President. All of them were originating from Dnipropetrovsk. As part of her gas-dealing business, Tymoshenko has also been closely linked to the management of the Russian Gazprom.
Present private life
Tymoshenko in 2005.
Yulia Tymoshenko is married to Oleksandr Tymoshenko. During the early years of her political career, the two were parted for years when Mr. Tymoshenko was escaping arrest. The couple appear together very rarely. They have a daughter Yevhenia (born in 1980).[6] Yevhenia graduated from a British university and now lives in Ukraine with her husband, rock-musician Sean Carr, who was born in Yorkshire, England, though he spent most of his childhood in Spain.[7]
Symbolic hairstyle and wardrobe
Tymoshenko's plaited hairstyle became iconic at the time of the Orange Revolution.[8] When asked whether she visits a professional hairdresser, she responded that she does her hairstyle herself.[8] According to image consultant Oleh Pokalchuk, Lesya Ukrainka's hairstyle inspired the over-the-head braid.[9]
Political career
Early career
Yulia Tymoshenko moved into politics in 1996, and was elected to the Verkhovna Rada (Ukrainian parliament) from the Kirovohrad Oblast, winning a record 92.3% of the vote in her constituency. She was re-elected in 1998 and 2002. In 1998, she became the Chair of the Budget Committee of Verkhovna Rada.
From 1999 to 2001, Tymoshenko was the Deputy Prime Minister for fuel and energy sector in the cabinet of Viktor Yushchenko. She was fired by President Leonid Kuchma in January 2001 after developing a conflict with the oligarchs in the industry.
In February 2001, Tymoshenko was arrested on charges of forging customs documents and smuggling of gas between 1995 and 1997 (while president of United Energy Systems of Ukraine) but was released several weeks later. Her political supporters organized several protest rallies near the Lukyanivska Prison where she was held in custody. According to Tymoshenko, the charges were fabricated by Kuchma's regime, under the influence of oligarchs threatened by her efforts to root out corruption and institute market-based reforms. In spite of being cleared of the charges, Moscow maintained an arrest warrant