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Lina Kostenko - the contemporary Ukrainian writer
The famous Ukrainian poet Lina Vasylivna Kostenko was born on the 19th of March, 1930 in the town of Rzhyshchev in Kyiv region in the teachers' family. Since 1936 she lived in Kyiv where she graduated from the secondary school. Lina Kostenko continued her education in the Kyiv Pedagogical Institute. As a matter of fact she did not want to stop at this level and in 1956 she graduated from the Moscow Literary Institute.
Such Ukrainian outstanding writers as Taras Shevchenko and Lesya Ukrainka, I. Karpenko-Kary and M. Kotsubinsky, M. Rylsky and A. Dovzhenko influenced the creative works of Lina Kostenko. The leading theme in her poems is the role of an artist and art in the society, its close connection with the people's life.
Lina Kostenko belongs to the generation that is usually called "the children of the war". That is why the problems of war and peace are very often raised in her works.
The Chornobyl tragedy did not leave Lina Kostenko careless. The new topic became interesting for her - the problem of ecology.
Nevertheless I would like to admit that the majority of Lina Kostenko's works are dedicated to the historical life of Ukraine.
The most famous Lina Kostenko's creation is the novel in verses "Marusya Chury". In this work the political, philosophical and esthetic problems are raised against the national background. In the centre of the novel is the image oflegendary Marusya Chury -the poet and the author of many Ukrainian folk songs. In the novel the accent is made on Marusya's love to people, her motherland, and her patriotic feelings are underlined as well. The action takes place in the period of the liberation war of the Ukrainian people that was headed byBogdan Khmelnitsky. In this context Lina Kostenko depicted the tragic love story of Marusya and Grits Bobrenko. It was difficult for Marusya to forgive her beloved for betraying their feelings, because Grits decided to marry another girl for the reason she was rich. Marusya made up her mind to commit the sui-cide. Accidentally Grits drank the poison prepared by Marusya for herself.
Lina Kostenko managed to create the perfect picture of psychological, heroic and romantic life of Marusya Chury and to depict the historical events in Ukraine in the mid of the 17th century.
Being devoted to national traditions Lina Kostenko proves the immortal spiritual values of the Ukrainian people, and that fact makes her creative works sound very vital especially today when the Ukrainians solve the problem of the national and cultural revival of their country.
That is why it is just to say that Lina Kostenko is the daughter of her epoch who completely belongs to the contemporaries.