... відкритий, безкоштовний архів рефератів, курсових, дипломних робіт

ГоловнаІноземна мова - Англійська, Німецька та інші → The Regions and Cities of Ukraine - Реферат

The Regions and Cities of Ukraine - Реферат

Ukraine, Chernivtsi divisions of the institute of world economy and international relations and anumber of other scientific-research institutions.
Vinnytsia Region
At present, Vinnytsia Region is one of the largest agricultural and industrial, cultural and historical regions of the independent state of Ukraine. The new region was founded on the 27th of February in 1932 and its territory makes up 4.5 per cent of the territory of state. It is situated in the central part of the Right-Bank Ukraine and borders upon seven regions of Ukraine. To the south-west of Vinnytchina, along the river Dniester, the area of 202 kilometres presents the frontier with the Republic Moldova.
Recording to the administrative division, the territory of the region consists of 27 village districts, and the regional centre consists of 3 town districts.
The population of Vinnytchina is about 2 mln people.
Nowadays, Vinnytchina is a region of industry and high mechanized agriculture, with scientific base.
In two recent years Vinnytchina became one of the 5 best regions of independent Ukraine on gross output. According to the gross output of agricultural production, the region takes the second place in the state.
Volyn Region
Volyn is an integral part of the independent Ukraine. Its area is 200 square kilometres. The population of the region is 75,200 people. The region is situated in the north-west of Ukraine. It borders on the Republic of Poland in the west and on the Republic of Belorus in the north. It also neighbours upon the Lviv and Rivne regions of Ukraine in the south and east.
The Volyn Region takes a favourable geographical position and is situated on the crossroads of the European trade routes.
The Volyn Region has a rich mineral and raw materials potential such as the coal, peat and clay fields, beds of various building materials are being exploited for a long time. The deposits of natural gas, copper, precious metals, phosphates and cement have been prospected.
The region possesses substantial recreational resources. There are 220 lakes and 130 rivers. Shatsk National Natural Park has been created in the region.
In the general structure of the economy, the industrial production prevails. The food, machine-building, light, fuel, building materials branches take the leading position.
Agriculture takes about 33 % in the gross national product of the region. Meat and sugar beets, corn and flax are the main directions of the region's agricultural activities.
Transcarpathia is a Special Region
Transcarpathia, the youngest of the Ukrainian regions, is situated in the far west of the country. Since January 22,1946, it has been included into Ukraine as administrative and territorial unit.
The region is multinational. The major part of its population are Ukrainians. It is known that more than 75 nationalities live there.
Regional economy is closely connected with its natural resources, first of all, with forests and timber processing.
Transcarpathia is rich in minerals: constructing materials, brown coals, non-ferrous metals, kaolin of high quality, rock salt and gas.
Regional industry is specialized in timber processing industry, food industry, industry of constructive materials, light industry.
Regional agricultural complex is represented by 192 enterprises of public sector and more than a thousand farms.
Kyiv - the Capital of Ukraine
According to the chronicles Kyiv's first citadel was built in the sixth to eighth centuries. Kyiv bears the name of prince Kyi, who lived on the old Kyiv Hill in the sixth century.
Under the rule of Yaroslav the Wise Kyivan Rus with Kyiv as its capital reached the height of its power.
Nowadays Kyiv is a large political, industrial, scientific and cultural centre. Its population is about 3 million. The city lies on both banks of the Dnieper. Kyiv is a garden city; only a seventh part of its territory is occupied by buildings. Kyiv has a well-developed industry. Its factories and plants produce sea and river transport vessels, air liners, computers, motorcycles, consumer goods.
Kyiv is also one of the largest scientific centres. The Ukrainian Academy of Sciences and many research institutes are famous for their discoveries. More than 10,000 students study at Kyiv Shevchenko National University. There are over 20 higher educational establishments in Kyiv.
Kyiv is also the centre of political life in Ukraine. All major political events take place here.
Kyiv is the largest ancient centre of national Ukrainian culture. There are 20 museums, 1300 libraries, 41 theatres, 121 parks.
Kyiv is growing and is being built, it also becomes younger and more beautiful.
Dnipropetrovsk is situated on the river Dnieper. It is a large railway junction. The city is one of the main industrial, cultural and scientific centres of Ukraine. Such branches of industry as metallurgical, chemical, light and food industries are well-developed in Dnipropetrovsk. The city is a centre of space rocket production in Ukraine. Nine higher educational establishments, including a University, work in the city. As Dnipropetrovsk is a large cultural centre of Ukraine, it has 5 theatres, 3 museums, including the museum of Fine Arts and the Historical Museum, Philarmonic Society and observatory.
The city was founded in 1776. From the 18th century the Palace of Potiemkin, now the Students' Palace, has preserved. Another famous building is the Preobrazhensky cathedral, built in the 19th century. The city is situated on both banks of the Dnieper. Different parts of the city are connected with each other by three bridges. The underground line, which has been recently opened, also run under the river.
Ternopil region
Ternopil is a place of music and drama theatres, a ctfncert hall, a natural history museum, an art museum and a gallery.
Regional review-contests after Oles Kurbas, Solomia Krushelnytska, Volodymyr Hnatyuk, Olena Kulchytska as well as festivals dedicated to famous town-fellows have become traditional.
The region is proud of 237 artistic groups, which have won the title "national".
Recently created museums after Bohdan Lepkiy in Berezhany, Ulas Samchuk in Tyliavtsy have become outstanding centres of renewal of historical truth of the past.
Numerous visitors to the region are attracted by the architecture of the Pochayiw Lavra and Monastery, as well as by the longest in the world caves located in the outskirts of Borshchov.
The regional artistic museum, opened in 1991, has turned to real school of study of fine arts.
Sevastopol is a large port on the Black Sea. It is a centre of shipbuilding industry. A lot of docks are situated there.
The city also has well-developed light and food industries.
In ancient time the town