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The Regions and Cities of Ukraine - Реферат


Реферат на тему:
The Regions and Cities of Ukraine
Kherson Region
The Kherson Region is situated in the south of Ukraine, the zone of steppes, which reaches the Dnieper.
The territory of the region is situated in Prichernomorie Lowland. The area is 28,500 square kilometres.
The population is more than 1 mln people.
Administrative division: the area consists of 18 rural districts and 3 municipal districts in the Kherson-city. The region has 9 cities, 3 of them are regional subordinates, 30 towns and many villages.
There are more than 50 nationalities in the region. The share of the Ukrainians is the biggest.
Agricultural-climatical conditions: the region is divided into 6 zones: cereals and industrial crops are cultivated in the northern and eastern areas, vegetable-growing, gardening, vinegrowing are cultivated in the southern and central areas.
The public sector remains the main producer of the agricultural production.
Khmelnytskyi Region
The Khmelnytskyi Region is located in the western part of Ukraine in the Volyno-Podilska Highland. The region borders on Vinnytsia in the East, Ternopil in the West, Rivne in the North-West and Chernivtsi in the South. The area of the Khmelnitsky Region is 6 thousand square kilometres.
As for its administrative division, the region has 13 cities, 20 districts and many villages. The largest cities are Khmelnytskyi, and Kamianets-Podilsky. The other cities and towns are rather small as for their population.
Population of the Khmelnytskyi Region is 1,509,000. The region is located in favourable geographical area. It is a gateway to both the East and the West.
The transport system of the region is quite developed. The most important railway and other roads of Ukraine go through the territory of the Khmelnytskyi Region. The highspeed railways "Kyiv-West" and the "Western Europe-Kyiv" are being designed which will go through the Khmelnytskyi Region.
The region energetics is based upon delivered coal and oil, natural gas and local peat-bed.
The light industry branch is represented by textile factories. There are shoe, knitted-goods, haberdashery factories in Khmelnytskyi.
In short, this is Khmelnytchyna. It generously opens for all those who want to see the roads and paths of a small but beautiful land.
Ivano-Frankivsk Region
Ivano-Frankivsk is located in the west of Ukraine at the juncture of the East-European Plain and the Ukrainian Carpathians. Its territory is 9 thousand sq. km. Population - 5 mln people. Ivano-Frankivsk Region is the 18th region of Ukraine as for the population and the 22nd as for the territory.
It comprises 14 administrative districts and 5 cities and towns of the regional subordination.
The region is rich in natural resources. There are the deposits of oil and gas, peat, phosphates and magnesium salts, large deposits of clay, gypsum, limestone and gravel.
Forests of the region occupy a very large territory with a lot of valuable industrial species. The agricultural lands are valuable too.
As for local water resources, Ivano-Frankivsk Region ranks the second among the regions of Ukraine. The largest rivers of the region are the Dniester, the Cheremosh, and the Prut.
The economy of the region is of industrial-agricultural character.
The industrial potential of the region is mainly concentrated in Ivano-Frankivsk, Kolomyia.
Kirovohrad Region
Kirovohrad Region is located in the central part of Ukraine between the Dnipro and the South Buh in the southern part of Prydniprovska Upland.
It was established on 10 January, 1939. Its territory is 24.6 thou0and square kilometres.
Administrative centre of the region is Kirovohrad. The region is inhabited by 1,230 thousand persons. Various kinds of population inhabit this region: Ukrainians, Russians, Moldovans, Belorussians, Jews, etc.
The region consists of 21 administrative districts.
The region has got a favourable geographical position and developed transport network. Its territory is crossed by numerous railways, linking important industrial and agricultural areas of the south with the centre and the south-west of Ukraine. Highways link Ukraine with central and southern Europe.
Extended telephone network allows to communicate with most of the countries.
Kirovohrad Region is a unique centre of the Ukrainian culture. This is the birthplace of the Ukrainian professional national theatre founded by such coryphaei of the stage as M. Kropvvnytski and I. Tobilevych.
The region has got a lot of clubs and cinemas, many public libraries, 2 theatres, 8 museums, many music schools and schools of art.
The region has a considerable scientific potential. The work of scientists has received a grant of Soros International Foundation.
The region is also rich in sporting traditions. Its sporting schools and colleges have trained a number of the world rank sportsmen, among them the world champions Olesia Dudnyk (gymnastics), Olena Sukho-ruk (weight-lifting), and Alexander Koretski (sambo).
Lviv Region - area of the Developed Economic cooperation
Lviv Region is one of the most developed regions of the Dnieper Right bank Ukraine as for its diverse economic and cultural potential. In the domestic and international economic division and cooperation the region specializes in the machine-building, medical equipment and household appliances production, manufacture of chemical and light industry products, wood and papermaking. It also developed international transit transportation, economic recreation, scientific support and reforms in the agro-industrial sector.
Lviv Region produces 4 per cent of the national income of Ukraine. 68 countries are involved in the stable and intensively developing foreign trade relations with the region.
Foreign trade turnover of Lviv Region reached $545 mln last year. The region exported buses, forklift trucks, autocranes, industrial machinery and equipment, textile products and clothes, sugar, wheat, spirits, meat, various foodstuffs, wood and wood products, sulphur.
Poland is one of the main trade partners of Lviv Region. Main export items were the grain, organic and non-organic chemical products, steel products.
One of the main tasks in the development of international ties of the region is to intensify the transborder co-operation.
Rivne Region
The Rivne Region was founded on the 4th of December 1939. It is situated in the north-western part of Ukraine and occupies the territory of 20.1 thousand square kilometres. It borders on Zhytomyr, Khmelnytskyi, Ternopil, Lviv and Volyn regions of Ukraine and the Brest and Gomel regions of Belarus.
As to its administrative-territorial division, the region includes 10 towns and 16 districts. The region numbers 1.2 mln inhabitants. The region has a
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