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Wernher von Braun (engl) - Реферат

club and is fascinated with "First World" progress, particularly von Braun's efforts in the U.S. space program.
" Mobile Suit Gundam (1979): The largest Lunar city in the Universal Century era is called 'Von Braun City'. The city is the home of Anaheim Electronics, is a strategic point in space, and is built around Neil Armstrong's footprint in the Apollo missions.
" The Right Stuff (1983): The Chief Scientist, played by Scott Beach, was clearly modeled on von Braun.
" From the Earth to the Moon (TV, 1998): von Braun played by Norbert Weisser.
" October Sky (1999): In this film about American rocket scientist Homer Hickam, who as a teenager admired von Braun, the scientist is played by Joe Digaetano.
" Space Race (TV, BBC co-production with NDR (Germany), Channel One TV (Russia) and National Geographic TV (USA), 2005): von Braun played by Richard Dillane.
" Alphaville, une ?trange aventure de Lemmy Caution (1965, directed by Jean-Luc Godard): Howard Vernon plays Professor Von Braun (also known as Leonard Nosferatu), the inventor of the "Alpha 60" super-computer which rules Alphaville.
" "Race to Space" (2001) James Woods portrays a character that the film's director states was "clearly modeled" after von Braun, working on the Mercury program sending the first chimp "Ham" (renamed Mac) into space.
" Planetes (2003): The von Braun is the ship built to make the first manned voyage to the Jovian system. Additionally, the character Wernher Locksmith, the director of the mission, is possibly based on von Braun.
" Alien Planet (TV, 2005): A spacecraft, named VonBraun, is named after him.
In print media
" In an issue of Mad Magazine in the late 1950s, artist Wallace Wood depicted von Braun at the launch of a rocket, ready to listen to a radio transmitting the rocket's signals. Suddenly he says, "HIMMEL! Vas ist los?" and then explains, "Vat iss wrong is vit der RADIO! It iss AC...und der control room iss DC!"
" In Warren Ellis' graphic novel Ministry of Space, Von Braun is a supporting character, settling in Britain after WWII, and being essential for the realization of the British Space Program.
In novels
" The Good German by Joseph Kanon. Von Braun and other scientists are said to have been implicated in the use of slave labour at Peenem?nde; their transfer to the US forms part of the narrative.
" Gravity's Rainbow by Thomas Pynchon. The plot involves British intelligence attempting to avert and predict V-2 rocket attacks. The work even includes a gyroscopic equation for the V2. The first portion of the novel, "Beyond The Zero," begins with a quote from Braun: "Nature does not know extinction; all it knows is transformation. Everything science has taught me, and continues to teach me, strengthens my belief in the continuity of our spiritual existence after death."
" New Dictionary, a short story by Kurt Vonnegut in his collection Welcome to the Monkey House notes Von Braun as one of the things an old dictionary doesn't mention.
" Mother Night by Kurt Vonnegut has a scene in which a character reads a Life magazine with Von Braun on the cover.
In music
" Wernher von Braun (1965): A song written and performed by Tom Lehrer for an episode of NBC's American version of the BBC TV show That Was The Week That Was; the song was later included in Lehrer's album That Was The Year That Was. It was a satire on what some saw as von Braun's cavalier attitude toward the consequences of his work in Nazi Germany: "'Once the rockets are up, who cares where they come down? / That's not my department', says Wernher von Braun."
" The Last Days of Pompeii (1991): A rock opera by Grant Hart's post-H?sker D? alternative rock group Nova Mob, in which von Braun features as a character. The album includes a song called Wernher von Braun.
" Progress vs. Pettiness (2005): A song about the Space Race written and performed by The Phenomenauts for their CD Re-Entry. The song begins: "In 1942 there was Wernher von Braun..."
In computer games
" In the 1999 PC game System Shock 2, the main starship is named the Von Braun.
" In the 2004 Playstation 2 game Metal Gear Solid 3: Snake Eater, the character of Nikolai Sokolov portrays many parallels to von Braun, including his CIA-aided defection to the United States, and famed contributions to rocket science.
1. ^ Note regarding personal names: Freiherr is a title, translated as Baron, not a first or middle name. The female forms are Freifrau and Freiin.
2. ^ Young, Anthony. Remembering Wernher von Braun. The Space Review.
3. ^ "Recollections of Childhood: Early Experiences in Rocketry as Told by Werner Von Braun 1963"
4. ^ Eric W. Weisstein, Robert Goddard at ScienceWorld.
5. ^ Speer, Albert (1969). Erinnerungen (p. 377). Verlag Ullstein GmbH, Frankfurt a.M. and Berlin, ISBN 3-550-06074-2
6. ^ Regarding V-2 slave labor, see, for example, Mittelbau Overview
7. ^ McDougall, Walter A. ...The Heavens and the Earth: A Political History of the Space Age. Basic Books: New York, 1985. (p 44) ISBN 0-465-02887-X
8. ^ McGovern, J (1964). Crossbow and Overcast. New York: W. Morrow, p182.
9. ^ German sources mostly specify the cancer as renal, while American biographies unanimously just mention cancer. The time when von Braun learned about the disease is generally given as between 1973 and 1976. The characteristics of renal cell carcinoma, which has a bad prognosis even today, do not rule out either time limit
See also
" Sergey Korolyov
" Space Race
1. Dunar, Andrew J & Stephen P Waring (1999), Power to Explore: a History of Marshall Space Flight Center, 1960-1990, Washington, DC: United States Government Printing Office, ISBN 0-16-058992-4 Available electronically at http://history.msfc.nasa.gov/book/toc.html
2. Eisfeld, Rainer (2000), Monds?chtig, Hamburg: Rohwolt, ISBN 3-499-60943-6
3. Erlebnisbericht Adam Cabala, in: Fiedermann, He?, Jaeger: Das KZ Mittelbau Dora. Ein historischer Abriss. Berlin 1993, S.100
4. Lasby, Clarence G (1971), Project Paperclip: German Scientists and the Cold War, New York, NY: Atheneum, ISBN B0006CKBHY
5. Neufeld, Michael J (1994), The Rocket and the Reich: Peenem?nde and the Coming of the Ballistic Missile Era, New York: Free Press, ISBN 0-02-922895-6
6. Sellier, Andr? (2003), A History of the Dora Camp: The Untold Story of the Nazi Slave Labor Camp That Secretly Manufactured V-2 Rockets, Chicago, IL: Ivan R Dee, ISBN 1-56663-511-X
7. Stuhlinger, Ernst (1996), Wernher von Braun: Crusader for Space, Malabar, FL: Krieger Publishing Company, ISBN 0-89464-980-9
8. Ward,Bob (2005), Dr. Space: The Life of Wernher von Braun, Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Press, ISBN 1-59114-926-6
9. Eric W. Weisstein, Robert Goddard at ScienceWorld.
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