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30 тем по англійській мові - Реферат

family and friends give these old soldiers flowers and congratulations.
Nowadays one of the main holidays of Ukraine is the Independence Day, celebrated on the 24th of August. On this day in 1991 the "Act of Independence of Ukraine" was proclaimed.
And in the end of year we celebrate the most popular holiday - New Year. On the New Year night people go to dance, visit their friends, or stay at home because this is a family holiday.
*Sport in our life
Good health is a great blessing. Everyone should do all he can to stay healthy. Being in good health means having both body and mind in good working order free from disease and pain. As they say: "A sound mind in a sound body".
All sorts of physical exercises are very helpful to make our bodies strong as well as to keep us well mentally. So if we want to keep ourselves fit, we have to go in for sports or games.
Many people do sports on their personal initiative. They do morning exercises, jog in the morning and train themselves in clubs and different sections and take part in sportcompetitions. All necessary facilities are provided for them: stadiums, sport grounds, swimming pools, skating rinks, skiing stations, football grounds.
Other people like sports too, but they only watch sports games, listen to sports news. They prefer reading interesting stories about sportsmen. But they don't go in for sports.
Sport is paid much attention to in our educational establishments. Physical culture is a compulsory subject at schools and colleges.
My favourite sport is swimming. I go to the swimming pool twice a week, but I prefer to rest by the lake or river and swim there. I also attended volleyball, basketball and table tennis sections. Because those games need mobility, liveliness and much energy. It keeps a person in good form.
*The climate of Great Britain
The climate of Great Britain varies considerably depending upon the time of year and the area. Great Britain includes four different countries: England in the sought, Wales to the west of England, Northern Ireland off the western coast of Wales and also Scotland in the north. England's driest months are July and August with very little rainfall. Temperatures are warm with an average of around 25? C throughout England. During the winter months, however, the rainfall increases amazingly. Almost every day during January and February sees rain or cold winds. Temperature fall to a little above 0? C and the sun is very rarely seen.
Wales to the west has a large number of mountains, the main range is the Cambrian. Rainfall is much higher than in England but the temperatures are very similar during both the summer and winter months.
Scotland is almost a thousand kilometres to the north of London. This results in a much lower average temperature year-round. Indeed the highland of Scotland has temperatures in January and February as cold, if not colder, that Kiev. The rainfall is huge.
Ireland faces the Atlantic Ocean. On the western coast of Ireland there are a few low mountains which catch a lot of rain. Very cold winds are blowing across from the ocean. The high rainfall in both Ireland and Scotland however means that both countries are amongst the greenest and the most beautiful in the whole Europe.
*The Geographical Location of Great Britain
The full and official name of the country is the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.
The United Kingdom is situated on the British Isles. The British Isles consist of two large islands, Great Britain and Ireland and a great number of small islands. Their total area is over 244,000 square kilometres.
The British Isles are separated from the European continent by the North Sea and the English Channel. The western coast of Great Britain is washed by the Atlantic Ocean and the Irish Sea.
Northern Ireland occupies one third of the island of Ireland. It borders on the Irish Republic in the south.
The island of Great Britain consists of three main parts: England (the southern and middle part of the island), Wales (a mountainous peninsula in the West) and Scotland (the northern part of the island).
Most of the rivers flow into the North Sea. The Thames is the deepest and the longest of the British rivers. Some of the British greatest ports are situated in the estuaries of the Thames, Mersey, Tyne, Clyde and Bristol Avon.
Great Britain is not very rich in mineral resources; it has some deposits of coal and iron ore and vast deposits of oil and gas that were discovered in the North Sea.
Great Britain has few mineral resources. Coal and oil are the most important of them. Much of the country is under cultivation and about 20% of the land is covered by National Parks and others countryside conservation areas. Great Britain is one of the leading countries in the world. It has highly developed motorcar, shipbuilding, textile, and chemical and electronics industries which are centered in such cities as London, Glasgow, Manchester, Liverpool and Newcastle.
Great Britain is also famous for its woolens industry. English wool is exported to many countries.
*The Geographical Location of Ukraine
Ukraine is a wondrous land of spectacular scenic beauty, a land of shady woods and rolling hills, glittering lakes and deep blue seas, soaring mountains and tranquil estuaries.
Ukraine is the second largest country in Europe and the 22nd in the world community. Its territory is 603.7 thousand square kilometres. The country is situated in the South-Eastern part of Central Europe. The geographical centre of Europe is located near the little Ukrainian town of Rakhiv. Neighbouring Ukraine are the countries of Belarus, Russia, Moldova, Poland, Hungary, Slovakia and Romania. Ukraine is washed by the Black Sea and the Sea of Azov.
The country is richly endowed by nature. It is rich in iron ore, coal, natural gas, oil, salt and other mineral recourses. Ukraine has big metallurgical, machine-building, fuel and power industries. It is a producer of chemicals and agricultural raw materials.
Largest cities of Ukraine are Kiev, Kharkiv, Dnipropetrovsk, Donetsk and Odessa.
The population of Ukraine is more than 52 million people. It is the Motherland of representatives of more than 100 nationalities, the Ukrainians making 75%.
There are 71,000 rivers and streams in Ukraine, the most important of these being the Dnipro, the Dnister, the Pivdenny Buh, the Danube and the Desna. The Dnipro is the major river in the country and the third longest one in Europe. The Danube connects Ukraine with seven European countries.
Ukraine occupies only 0,45% of the planet's dry land, but it boasts almost 5% of the world's