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ГоловнаІноземна мова - Англійська, Німецька та інші → 30 тем по англійській мові - Реферат

30 тем по англійській мові - Реферат

filled with poison: industrial waste, all kinds of chemical elements and pesticides. Industrial enterprises of large cities waste harmful substances into river and sea's waters. The emissions destroy fishing industry and lead to a damage of wildlife.
Another problem is air pollution. For example, pumping waste gases from a power station or metallurgical plants do not get rid of them. The waste gases cause acid rains.
The next ecological problem is the problem of the Sea of Azov. The Sea of Azov is the special case. Because it is such a small sea, it becomes dirty very easily. Many industrial centres such as Mariupol, Berdyansk pour into the sea all kinds of chemicals. It naturally effects the state ofthe sea water and the shore line flora and fauna.
But the most terrible ecological problem of Ukraine is Chernobyl. The effect of Chernobyl disaster is dangerous and tragic, because we don't know up to the end all the consequences of radioactive contamination.
Ukraine, as the member of World Community, is co-operating with international ecological organisation such as "Greenpease" for example.
As you see our country has many ecological problems and if our generation don't do our best to solve these ecological problems we will have a global ecological catastrophe.
*From the history of Great Britain: the Magma Carta
Great Britain is a monarchy, but the power of the King or Queen is limited. The supreme authority of the country is Parliament, which consists of three etements-the Monarchy, the House of Lords and the House of Commons.
The history of the British Parliament dates back to the 13th century, when in the face of demands by barons King John signed the Magna Carta (Great Charter). It secured feudal rights and established areas over which the King had no jurisdiction
Even before William the Conqueror's invasion in 1066, the Saxon and Danish kings had a council of wise men or elders. It was then called Witan, from it we have the English word "wit". This body of men was very much like the feudal King's Council. The Norman kings called their council Parliament from the French word "parler" which means "to speak". After the death of Richard the Lion Hearted in 1199, his brother known in the history as John Lackland (landless) succeeded to the throne. King John was cruel and despotic, and the Church and barons took a decision to restrict the power of the King. On June 10, 1215 (it was in the times of Robin Hood) a table was set in the meadow, and King John signed the document in which he agreed to consult the Parliament from that time on.
The Magna Carta is celebrated on every possible occasion. It has been interpreted throughout English history as the Charter of political and civil liberties.
But there is a point of view that the Magna Carta did not help to alter and develop the Parliamentary Government of Great Britain. The rest of the 13th century saw the development of Parliament as a gathering of feudal barons and representatives of counties and towns summoned by the King. By the end of the century, it had adopted its basic make-up of Lords and Commons and had established the right to approve taxation. It also soon acquired the right to approve new laws. But it came only several centuries later that the merchants and squires (landowners) joined in the House of Commons and became a parliamentary power. As feudalism declined, the power of the Commons grew together with the new merchant and nonfeudal class.
Kyiv is the capital of Ukraine. It is a large political, industrial, scientific and cultural centre. Its population equals nearly 3 million people. Kyiv is situated on the Dnieper, the longest river in Ukraine.
The glorious history of Kyiv spans 1,500 years. From olden times it is referred to as "the Mother of all cities of ancient Rus". In the 9th century the city became a big trading centre of Eastern Europe linked through the Dnieper and the Black Sea with Caucasus, the Middle East countries and Rome. From the 11th century, a time of prosperity for the Kyiv Rus State, many European kings considered it an honour to establish matrimonial ties with the family of the Grand Prince of Kyiv.
Kyiv enjoys wide popularity in many countries. It is the scientific, industrial and cultural center of Ukraine. It has many scientific institutions and higher educational establishments among which are National University, Polytechnic University, Food Industry Technological University, Light industry Technological University, Pedagogical University Medical University, etc.
There are huge enterprises in Kyiv. They produce excavators, airliners, computers, automatic lathes, gas equipment, chemical goods, cameras, ready-made clothes, etc. The museums, art galleries, theatres and historical monuments in the capital make it very important for world culture.
St. Sophia Cathedral rightly belongs to the world treasury of ancient architecture. I personally find the Sophia Cathedral the masterpiece and the top of the creative spirit of the Ukrainian people.
Kyiv is the centre of Ukrainian culture. The famous Kyiv Shevchenko Opera and Ballet Theatre has one of the best opera and ballet companies in the country. There are also lots of other theatres in Kyiv.
The picturesque green banks and hills, plentiful flower-beds with millions of different flowers, wonderful beaches of the Dnieper, the Kreshchatik, one of the widest and most beautiful streets in our country - all this adds up to the beauty of the Ukrainian capital. The people of Ukraine are proud of their capital because is become one of the world biggest center's where different festivals, scientific congresses, international exhibitions and world sport events take place every year.
*My working day
I will try to describe my daily actions or the things that I do, more or less, every day. I mean the things I regularly did when I was at lyceum. There was little variation in my life then, all days expect weekends looked very much the same.
I usually started my day with getting up and doing all things that everybody does in the morning: washing, having breakfast, etc. Then I put my learning tools: pencils, exercise books, textbooks to my bag. Then I usually went to the lyceum. Fortunately, father takes a car every morning and he often picks me up and drives me to the doors of our lyceum building.
Soon the lectures and lessons began... We had from 2 to 4 lectures every time, depending on day.
After the lessons, I usually returned home where I had dinner and started thinking about my ways of spending the rest of the day. Very often, I went to my friend's places. During the early autumn and summer, I often went to the