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Madonna (entertainer) - Реферат

her. Coincidentally, "Papa" is the Italian word for "Pope" [27].) In her 2005 documentary I'm Going To Tell You a Secret, she jokingly states that she has "big, fat, Italian thighs." In film, she achieved a rare good reviews for her portrayal of the Italian American character "Mae Mordabato" in A League of Their Own. [28]
Much of her career has been founded on a rebellion against the Roman Catholic Church. As a result, Madonna has often offended many Catholics, including the head of the Catholic Church himself. In 1990, when Madonna toured Italy with the Blond Ambition Tour concert tour, the Pope encouraged citizens not to attend the concert [29], and as a result, Madonna was forced to cancel two shows due to poor ticket sales. The Pope accused Madonna of blasphemy against the Catholic Church (a crime in Italy), and attempted to have Madonna banned from stepping foot on Italian soil. In response, in a 1990 press conference in Italy, Madonna declared, "I am Italian American and proud of it." In an interview with Rolling Stone magazine, Madonna said that the Pope's reaction hurt, "because I'm Italian, you know", but in another Rolling Stone interview the same year stated that she had ceased to practice Catholicism because the Church "completely frowns on sex... except for procreation". [30] In the summer of 2006, Madonna drew criticism from Vatican officials when she took her Confessions Tour to Rome. Vatican officials claimed that Madonna's performance while hanging off of a cross while wearing a crown of thorns was an open attack on Catholicism and should not be performed in the same city as the pope's residence. [31] In the documentary Italians in America - Our Contribution, author Gay Talese relates Madonna's rebellion against the Catholic Church to her Italian ancestry. Talese claims that Madonna is descended from a region of Southern Italy with a long tradition of rebellion against the Catholic Church [32].
In 1988, city officials in the town of Pacentro, Italy [33], planned to construct a 13-foot statue of Madonna in a bustier. The statue was intended to commemorate the fact that some of Madonna's ancestors had lived in Pacentro. The mayor of the city and the Pope intervened and prevented the project from coming to fruition, citing concerns that a statue of Madonna in their city would corrupt the morals of their youth.
Musical styles and singers
In 1985, Madonna commented that the first song to ever make a strong impression on her was "These Boots Are Made For Walkin'" by Nancy Sinatra and that it summed up her take-charge attitude. [34] As a young woman, she attempted to broaden her taste in literature, art and music and during this time became interested in classical music. She noted that her favorite style was baroque, and loved Chopin because she liked his "feminine quality". Her favorite vocalists were Sarah Vaughan, Ella Fitzgerald, Frank Sinatra and Sam Cooke, and she also expressed admiration for B.B. King, Chaka Khan and Aretha Franklin. For their ability as performers and for their style and impact, she cited Chrissie Hynde of The Pretenders and Deborah Harry of Blondie as artists who strongly inspired her. [35]
Film stars
During her childhood, Madonna became fascinated by films and film stars, later saying, "I loved Carole Lombard and Judy Holliday and Marilyn Monroe. They were all incredibly funny...and I saw myself in them...my girlishness, my knowingness and my innocence". [36] Her "Material Girl" music video recreated Monroe's "Diamonds Are A Girl's Best Friend" number from the film Gentlemen Prefer Blondes, and she later studied the screwball comedies of the 1930s, particularly those of Lombard, in preparation for the Who's That Girl? film. The video for "Express Yourself" placed a femme fatale character alongside an androgynous figure in male attire, which was compared to Marlene Dietrich. The video for "Vogue" recreated the style ofHollywood glamour photographers, in particular Horst P. Horst, and imitated the poses of Marlene Dietrich, Carole Lombard and Rita Hayworth, while the lyrics referenced many of the stars who had inspired her. [37] Among those mentioned was Bette Davis, described by Madonna in a Rolling Stone interview as an idol, along with Louise Brooks and Dita Parlo In The Erotica Video. [38]
Personal life
Relationships and family
In late 1970's and early 1980's Madonna had relationship with Dan Gilroy who formed "Breakfast Club" with her. During the first half of the Eighties, Madonna also dated musician Stephen Bray, painter and graffiti artist Jean-Michel Basquiat, DJ and record producer Mark Kamins, Norris Burroughs (who appears in "Burning Up" video) and musician Jellybean Benitez.
While filming the music video for her single "Material Girl" in 1985, Madonna began dating Sean Penn. The two were married later that year on Madonna's twenty-seventh birthday; the marriage lasted less than four years, reportedly caused by Penn's aggressive behavior and Madonna's secret relationship with John F. Kennedy, Jr.. Of her marriage to Penn, Madonna told Tatler, "I was completely obsessed with my career and not ready to be generous in any shape or form."[39]
After the divorce from Penn was made official in 1989, Madonna began a relationship with Warren Beatty, whom she had met on the set of the film Dick Tracy. She dated Lenny Kravitz briefly in late 1990.[40] In 1990-1991 she dated Tony Ward, a young model and porn star, who had previously starred in her music video for "Cherish" (1989) and "Justify My Love" (1990). In 1991-1992, she had a relationship with Vanilla Ice for 8 months; who appeared later in her erotic book Sex.[41] In 1992-1993, she dated actor John Enos[42] and her bodyguard Jim Albright. She also had a relationship with Dennis Rodman for 4 months, in 1994.[43]
While walking in Central Park Madonna met Carlos Leon, who became her personal trainer and lover. On October 14, 1996 she gave birth to the couple's child, a daughter, Lourdes Maria (Lola) Ciccone Leon.[44] Madonna and Leon ended their relationship in 1997.
In late 1990's, she had relationship with English actor and filmmaker Andy Bird[45] and she briefly dated David Blaine.[46]
On December 22, 2000, Madonna married British director Guy Ritchie, whom she had met in 1999 through mutual friends Sting and his wife Trudie Styler. Madonna gave birth to a son, Rocco Ritchie, on August 11, 2000.[47] She currently resides in an English estate in Wiltshire, UK with Ritchie and her children. Madonna, who refers to herself simply as "Mrs. Ritchie" on her personal letterhead, has undergone a transformation from Material Girl to family woman, as she told '"Tatler": "I don't need to drive around in flashy cars and I don't need to show off. I'm perfectly happy to go for walks every day for a month at my house in the countryside. That doesn't mean I can't have expensive tastes, like nice sheets on my bed, or enjoy architecture and pictures. But I do know what makes a healthy balance in life...a good marriage is a contest of generosity...Everyone needs to be stopped in their tracks by parenthood and marriage, otherwise you are just selfish satellites spinning in space."
According to various sources Madonna is also rumored to have had an affair with G Patrick Polli prior to her marriage with Guy Ritchie.[48]
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