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Madonna (entertainer) - Реферат

dance video, none of the broken bones had fully healed yet, and she relied heavily on painkillers to complete the video shoot.[14]
Madonna's retro inspired "Hung Up" (2005) music video.
Madonna's tenth album, Confessions on a Dance Floor (2005), was built as a continuous mix of dance songs, with musical elements borrowed from the '70s as well as her own repertoire. Produced by Stuart Price, it reached number one in 29 countries and has sold more than 8 million copies since its November 2005 release (over 1.5 million in the US)[8]. The album received the most positive reviews since 1998's Ray of Light, and was considered a return to form after the negative reception to American Life. It has produced two successful singles, "Hung Up", which featured a sample of the ABBA song "Gimme! Gimme! Gimme! (A Man After Midnight)", and "Sorry". "Hung Up" became Madonna's first single to chart on the Billboard Hot 100 since American Life in 2003. Worldwide, it surpassed Music and Vogue as the most successful single of her career. The follow-up single, "Sorry," became Madonna's twelfth number one in the UK. A third single, "Get Together", reached the UK Top 10 and became her thirty-sixth number one dance hit in the U.S. (the most for any artist in Billboard history), but failed to chart on the Billboard Hot 100 charts. The fourth, and final single release from Confessions on a Dance Floor, is "Jump", due in October 2006.
Madonna's Confessions Tour, kicked off in late May 2006, selling out most venues in minutes, with her having to create additional dates to keep up with demand. The tour, which is expected to gross $200 million, may become the biggest ever tour in history by a female artist according to Billboard magazine. [9] However, it also sparked controversy when she used religious symbols such as the crucifix and crown of thorns in her performance of "Live to Tell".
Madonna is currently working on her next album: "I'm writing the new album now, while we're on tour. I basically see no limits to what you can achieve. I have more club music in mind. It's where I started and funnily enough, it's now huge again. Why would I not want to make more music? I love it and so do my fans."
Acting and film career
See also: List of Madonna films
Madonna's success in acting has been varied, but mostly heavily panned by critics. She was presented with a special Razzie award in the year 2000 as "Worst Actress of the Century"[15]
In 1979, Madonna starred in A Certain Sacrifice, a low-budget film filmed long before she achieved widespread popularity as a successful recording artist. Its release in 1985 coincided in with the success of her second album Like a Virgin, and did not please Madonna who tried to prevent its release. A representative from Madonna offered to buy the rights of the film for $5000, which director Stephen Jon Lewicki refused. That same year Madonna appeared in two separate films. She made a cameo as a club singer in the film Vision Quest and garnered commercial and critical success in her first starring role in Susan Seidelman's film, Desperately Seeking Susan, which told the story of a housewife who is fascinated with a woman she only knows about by reading messages to and from her in the personals section of a New York City tabloid. It was a commercial success and grossed $27 million in the United States alone.[16] She appeared as Gloria Tatlock in the adventure drama film Shanghai Surprise (1986) with her ex-husband Sean Penn. The film did nothing to further her acting career, was dismissed by moviegoers, and received poor reviews by critics, with many criticizing her acting, calling it wooden and unbelievable. Subsequent films such as Who's That Girl? (1987) and Bloodhounds of Broadway (1989), based on short stories by Damon Runyon, failed to attract commercial and critical success. She was to appear in Francis Ford Coppola's third and final chapter of the Godfather trilogy. Unfortunately, the director decided to alter the role, make it younger and gave it to his own daughter Sofia Coppola. Nevertheless Coppola went on praising 'how good that little Italian girl was!'
Madonna as Eva Per?n in the film adaptation of the Andrew Lloyd Webber musical Evita (1996).
In 1990, after a string of unsuccessful films, Madonna starred as Breathless Mahoney in the action film Dick Tracy, directed by Warren Beatty based on the popular Chester Gould's comic strip . She sang three Stephen Sondheim songs and played opposite histrionic Al Pacino as well as Warren Beatty. Although she received mostly positive reviews for her role, critics were quick to point out that her best-reviewed roles were ones where Madonna had played someone who is not unlike herself. In 1991, Woody Allen offered her a small role in Shadows and Fog as a trapeze artist opposite John Malkovich. The film was shot in black and white and was an hommage to GermanExpressionist cinema, backed by the music of Kurt Weill. The following year, Penny Marshall cast her in A League of Their Own opposite Tom Hanks, Geena Davis and Rosie O'Donnell. The film, which centered on a women's baseball team during World War II, earned Madonna good reviews from critics for her lightweight and comedic performance. Following the backlash of her sexual provocative book Sex and its companion album Erotica, Madonna starred in the 1993 erotic-thriller Body of Evidence with Willem Dafoe. The film was overwhelmingly panned by critics and performed poorly at the box office, while only serving to add fuel to Madonna's growing public backlash. Later that year she starred in Dangerous Game (aka Snake Eyes) by Abel Ferrara opposite Harvey Keitel and James Russo. The film revealed her as a more than able actress and was very well received in France, where French newspaper Lib?ration dubbed her the fucked up Marilyn of the 90's. However, Dangerous Game was considered much too nihilistic and violent, and was released straight to home video in North America. In an attempt to improve her acting credentials, Madonna chose to take roles in independent films, first playing a singing telegram girl (again opposite Harvey Keitel) in Wayne Wang's Blue in the Face (1995) and as a witch in Four Rooms (1995). She also had a cameo as phone sex company owner in Spike Lee's film Girl 6 in 1996.
Madonna in her visit to Madrid. 1996.
In 1996, Madonna starred as Eva Per?n in the film adaptation of the Andrew Lloyd Webber musical Evita. The film marked the first time in America since her appearance in Desperately Seeking Susan that Madonna was critically praised for her acting skills in a starring role, even though some critics compared the film to a long music video, which required no further acting skills of Madonna than what she had already exhibited in her own videos[citation needed]. Madonna had campaigned for the role for nearly ten years and in December 1994, she wrote a four page, handwritten letter to director Alan Parker explaining that she would be perfect to play the role. Parker agreed and to prepare for the film Madonna took voice lessons to extend her range and researched the life of her character.[17] In January 1997, she won a Golden Globe Award for Best Actress in a Motion Picture Musical or Comedy, but failed to receive a nomination at the Academy Awards, though the song "You Must Love Me" won the Oscar for Best Song. Both "You Must love Me" and "Don't Cry For Me
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