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INXS - Реферат


INXS
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INXS
Origin Sydney, Australia
Years active 1977-present
Genres Dance, New Wave, Rock
Labels Epic
Mercury
Atlantic
ATCO
Members J.D. Fortune
Tim Farriss
Andrew Farriss
Kirk Pengilly
Garry Gary Beers
Jon Farriss
Past members Michael Hutchence
Jon Stevens
INXS (pronounced "In Excess") is an Australian rock group. The band was formed in 1977 by the late Michael Hutchence (lead vocals), Andrew Farriss (guitar and keyboards), Tim Farriss (b. August 16, 1957, in Perth, Western Australia, Australia) (lead guitar), Jon Farriss (drums), Garry Gary Beers (bass), and Kirk Pengilly (b. July 4, 1958, in Kew, Victoria, Australia) (saxophone and guitar). On September 20, 2005, Canadian singer J.D. Fortune became the band's new lead vocalist after a twelve-week competition on the CBS reality show Rock Star: INXS.
Contents
" 1 History
o 1.1 Michael Hutchence era
o 1.2 Rock Star: INXS
" 2 Trivia
" 3 Discography
o 3.1 Studio albums
o 3.2 Live albums
o 3.3 Compilation albums
o 3.4 EP's
" 4 See also
" 5 External links
History
[edit]
Michael Hutchence era
INXS began under the name The Farriss Brothers but the band changed it in 1979, just prior to the release of their self-titled d?but album in 1980, INXS, which featured "Just Keep Walking".
Its follow-up, 1981's Underneath the Colours (produced by Richard Clapton), became a hit-album in Australia.
In 1983, their third album, titled Shabooh Shoobah, was released successfully worldwide. The single "The One Thing" brought them their first top 30 hit in America, while "Don't Change" became a staple in the set list of college rock bands who played the frat circuit. The album itself entered the U.S. top 50.
With the Nick Launay-produced fourth album, The Swing in 1984, the band received more significant attention all around the world, as "Original Sin" became their first #1 single and an international hit. Indeed, during all this year, the song was, for example, #1 in Australia as well as in Argentina and in France, #23 in Switzerland, #31 in the Netherlands and #58 in the U.S. where the single's explicitly political and anti-racism message may have contributed to low airplay. Yet, "Original Sin" (produced by Nile Rodgers) was largely ignored in the UK, where INXS didn't have any success in the charts until 1986 with the album Listen Like Thieves. In the same way, the band's charismatic singer Michael Hutchence gained attention with his MTV-ready looks. INXS, which had started out as a new wave act featuring more synthesizers than guitar, gradually moved in a more straight-ahead rock-oriented direction through the first half of the 1980s. By 1985's breakthrough album Listen Like Thieves the band had perfected a matured sound influenced by the Rolling Stones and Chic but true to the band's original roots in the Aussie pubs. Listen Like Thieves was loved by the critics. In the US, the first single, "This Time" stalled at #81 in late 1985, but the band roared out of nowhere with the second, "What You Need", which in early 1986 became a top-five Billboard hit, bringing INXS their first breakout U.S. success.
The band's worldwide peak of popularity came with 1987's Kick, an upbeat, confident album that yielded four top-ten US singles and several international hits ("New Sensation", "Never Tear Us Apart", "Devil Inside", etc.), including the #1 "Need You Tonight". They toured heavily behind the album throughout 1987 and 1988. Afterwards, the band took a break and Hutchence released a side project of sorts called Max Q, which received decent reviews, but at best attained a cult status.
However, the band had a lot of pressure on their shoulders as fans and critics alike having high expectations about their follow-up album to Kick. In 1990, INXS released X. It followed in the same vein as Kick, and added harmonica to some songs, but critics and fans considered it a weak follow-up. Nevertheless, X did score two hits in "Suicide Blonde" and "Disappear" (both top ten in the US).
INXS performed at Wembley Stadium on July 13, 1991, during their "Summer XS" tour of London to a sold out audience of 72,000 fans. During this show, INXS organised a film crew to shoot their show onto video to come out simultaneously as their live album Live Baby Live (the video was also called Live Baby Live).
1992's Welcome to Wherever You Are was an experimental album using sitars and a 60-piece orchestra while adding a much more "raw" sound to their music. It received critical reviews and went No. 1 in the UK but it flopped in the U.S.; the band complained of lack of promotion by their American record label Atlantic Records, but the band did not tour in support of the album because they wanted a long break. At the same time, alternative rock began to dominate the airwaves and more traditional rockers like INXS fell out of favour.
1993's Full Moon, Dirty Hearts was their attempt to capitalise on the grunge movement, and while it received mixed reviews, it plunged the band further into obscurity, despite the track "Please (You Got That)" featuring the legendary Ray Charles. The band made a full video album for the record using unknown Australian students to direct with help by Richard Lowenstein. Full Moon, Dirty Hearts was the last record under INXS's contract with Atlantic, so the label, knowing that the record wasn't selling well, in 1994 brought out the first of many Greatest Hits compilations.
Hutchence, meanwhile, remained in the public eye, dabbling in modelling and film acting and dating several models and public personalities including Kylie Minogue, Helena Christensen, and Paula Yates.
Throughout the 1980s and into the 1990s, INXS was a major force in Australian popular music, leading the way into worldwide popularity for several Australian bands. The band worked closely with several other Australian artists, such as The Models and Jenny Morris, helping to establish their careers. By the mid-nineties, however, their popularity had waned, especially in the US, where their Greatest Hits compilation failed to reach the top 100. In
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