... відкритий, безкоштовний архів рефератів, курсових, дипломних робіт

ГоловнаІноземна мова - Англійська, Німецька та інші → Genesis (band) - Реферат

Genesis (band) - Реферат

Genesis (band)
Clockwise from left: Banks, Collins, Hackett, Rutherford, Gabriel
Origin Godalming, Surrey
Country England
Years active 1967-1999 (Hiatus)
Genres Progressive rock
Pop rock
Labels Decca Records
Charisma Records
ABC Records
Atco Records
Atlantic Records
Rhino Entertainment
Members Mike Rutherford
Tony Banks
Past members Phil Collins
Peter Gabriel
Ray Wilson
Steve Hackett
John Mayhew
Anthony Phillips
John Silver
Chris Stewart
Website(s) genesis-music.com
Genesis is a Grammy Award winning English progressive rock band formed in 1967. The band's notable former members include Peter Gabriel and Phil Collins, both of whom achieved additional success as solo artists and in other ventures. With approximately 150 million albums sold worldwide, Genesis is one of the top 30 highest selling recording artists of all time.[1] The band is widely known for two distinctly different musical phases. Early on in their career, their complex song structures, elaborate instrumentation, and theatrical live shows made them one of the most revered bands of the 1970s progressive rock movement. Hallmarks of the band's music during this period included the 23-minute long "Supper's Ready" and the 1974 concept album, The Lamb Lies Down on Broadway. In the 1980s and beyond, their music took a distinct turn towards pop, becoming considerably more hook-oriented and more accessible to the musical mainstream. This change of musical direction gave them their first UK #1 album, Duke, as well as their only US #1 single, "Invisible Touch".
Initially fronted by Peter Gabriel, Genesis has experienced several personnel changes over the years. Collins took over from Gabriel after the latter's departure from the group in 1975. After nearly two decades of being the band's frontman, Collins left the group in 1996 and was replaced by former Stiltskin singer Ray Wilson for the 1997 album Calling All Stations. Wilson was released from the group in 1998 following the disappointing sales of the new album.[2] After three decades of activity, the band announced that it was on an indefinite hiatus.
" 1 History
o 1.1 The beginning: 1967-1969
o 1.2 Peter Gabriel-led era: 1970-1974
o 1.3 Phil Collins-led era: 1975-1996
" 1.3.1 Hackett's departure
" 1.3.2 A change in musical direction
" 1.3.3 "Invisible Touch" and "The Way We Walk" tour
o 1.4 Ray Wilson Era: 1997-1998
" 2 Reunion rumours
" 3 Inspiration and influences
" 4 Album cover art
" 5 Criticism
" 6 Discography
" 7 Notes
" 8 References
" 9 See also
" 10 External links
The beginning: 1967-1969
The original Genesis lineup in 1967, with Anthony Phillips, Mike Rutherford, Tony Banks, Peter Gabriel and Chris Stewart.
The band's origin lies in the late 1960s, when founding members Peter Gabriel and Tony Banks were students at Charterhouse School. The original line-up consisted of Peter Gabriel (vocals), Anthony Phillips (guitar), Tony Banks (keyboards), Mike Rutherford (bass & guitar), and Chris Stewart (drums).[3] Genesis recorded its first album, 1969's From Genesis to Revelation, after striking a deal with Jonathan King, an alum of their school and a songwriter and producer who had a hit single at the time called "Everyone's Gone to the Moon". King supposedly dubbed the band Genesis because it was the first serious band he had worked with, or the genesis of his career. As he recalled later - "I named them Genesis because I thought it was a good name...it suggested the beginning of a new sound and a new feeling".[4]
The album was released by Decca Records. During the sessions, drummer Stewart left the band and was replaced by John Silver. The band recorded a series of songs reflecting the light pop style of the Bee Gees, of whom King was very fond, and King assembled these tracks into a pseudo-concept album, layering on string arrangements into the music during production. The band's first single, "The Silent Sun" (sample (help·info)) was released in February 1968. The album sold poorly, and the band, feeling manipulated by King, told him they had broken up in order to get out of their contract with him.[5] To this day, King asserts his responsibility for the band's subsequent success. He holds the rights to the songs on the From Genesis to Revelation album and has attempted to sell the rights for their re-recording.
Genesis recruited a new drummer, John Mayhew, playing occasional gigs until landing a new deal with Charisma Records founder Tony Stratton-Smith. Through live performances the band became known for hypnotic melodies that were often dark and haunting. Phillips left the band in 1970 after the release of Trespass because of ill health and stage fright.[6] The departure of Phillips traumatised both Banks and Rutherford, as Phillips had been a founding member and a primary force behind the band turning professional. There was also doubt over whether Genesis could go on without him.[7]
Eventually, the remaining members renewed their commitment to Genesis, also deciding to fire drummer John Mayhew in the bargain. Trespass (1970) set the format for Genesis albums throughout the '70s. The album consisted of lengthy, sometimes operatic pieces and occasional very short, humorous numbers that typified the style of progressive rock of King Crimson, Yes, and Gentle Giant. Trespass included elaborate arrangements and time signature changes - key elements that continued to be featured in Genesis's subsequent albums. Trespass featured the nine-minute "The Knife" which Gabriel, a believer in non-violence after having been influenced by a book on Gandhi, wrote showing "how all violent revolutions inevitably end up with a dictator in power".[6]
Genesis Timeline[ Hide ]
1967 Gabriel, Banks, Phillips, Rutherford, Stewart
1968 Gabriel, Banks, Phillips, Rutherford, Silver
1969 Gabriel, Banks, Phillips, Rutherford, Mayhew 1
1970 Gabriel, Banks, Collins, Hackett, Rutherford 2
1975 Collins, Banks, Hackett, Rutherford 3
1977 Collins, Banks, Rutherford 4
1997 Wilson, Banks, Rutherford 5
1 David Thomas
2 Mick Barnard
3Bill Bruford
4 Chester Thompson, Daryl Streumer
5 Nick D'Virgillio, Nir Zidhyaku
Phil Collins joined Genesis on 4 August 1970 after successfully impressing the other band members with his drumming skills during an audition at Gabriel's parents' house. The band continued as a four-piece before playing a few shows with guitarist Mick Barnard. As the band felt that Barnard was not up to their caliber of musicianship, they sought a proper replacement for Phillips.[7] Late in 1970, Steve Hackett, who performed in the band Quiet World, placed an advertisement for a band inMelody Maker. Hackett went to see Genesis in concert and enjoyed the type of music they were playing. The band liked the tone of the advertisement, and after a meeting at his parents' apartment, hired Hackett immediately.
Peter Gabriel-led era: