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Adolf Hitler - Реферат

beliefs in private, but rather advocated a "Positive Christianity", a belief system purged form what he objected to in traditional Christianity, and reinvented Jesus as a fighter against the Jews.
Hitler believed in a social darwinist struggle for survival between the different races, among which the "Aryan race" was supposed to be the torchbearers of civilization and the Jews as enemies of all civilisation. Whether his anti-semitism was influenced by older Christian ideas remains disputed.Hitler also strongly believe that "Providence" was guiding him in this fight.
Among Christian denominations Hitler favoured Protestantism, which was more open to such reinterpretations, but at the same time imitated some elements of Catholic church organization, liturgy and phraseology in his poltics.
Medical health
Main article: Adolf Hitler's medical health
Hitler's alleged health problems in his later years have long been the subject of debate, and he has variously been suggested to have suffered from irritable bowel syndrome, skin lesions, irregular heartbeat, tremors on the left side of his body, syphilis, Parkinson's disease and a strongly suggested addiction to methamphetamines.
Most of Hitler's biographers have characterized him as a vegetarian who abstained from eating meat, beginning in the early 1930s until his death (although his actual dietary habits are sometimes hotly disputed). A fear of cancer (which his mother died from) is the most widely cited reason, though many authors also assert Hitler had a profound and deep love of animals. He did consume dairy products and eggs however. Martin Bormann constructed a large greenhouse close to the Berghof (near Berchtesgaden) in order to ensure a steady supply of fresh fruits and vegetables for Hitler throughout the war. Personal photographs of Bormann's children tending the greenhouse survive and by 2005 its foundations were among the only ruins visible in the area which were directly associated with Nazi leaders. For more information on this topic, see Vegetarianism of Adolf Hitler.
Hitler was also a fervent non-smoker and promoted aggressive anti-smoking campaigns throughout Germany. He reportedly promised a gold watch to any of his close associates who quit (and actually gave a few away). Several witness accounts relate that, immediately after his suicide was confirmed, many officers, aides, and secretaries in the F?hrerbunker lit cigarettes.[13][14]
Contrary to popular accounts, there seems to be some evidence Hitler did not abstain entirely from alcohol. After the war, an interrogation in the USSR of his valet Heinz Linge could indicate that Hitler drank champagne now and then with Eva Braun.[citation needed]
Hitler's family
Main article: Hitler (disambiguation)
Paula Hitler, the last living member of Adolf Hitler's immediate family, died in 1960.
The most prominent, and longest-living direct descendants of Adolf Hitler's father, Alois, was his nephew William Patrick Hitler. With his wife Phyllis, he eventually moved to Long Island, New York and had four sons. None of William Hitler's children have yet had any children of their own.
Over the years various investigative reporters have attempted to track down other distant relatives of the F?hrer; many are now alleged to be living inconspicuous lives and have long since changed their last name.
Adolf Hitler's Genealogy
Sketch of Eva Braun by Hitler
" Eva Braun, mistress and then wife
" Alois Hitler, father
" Klara Hitler, mother
" Paula Hitler, sister
" Alois Hitler, Jr., half-brother
" Bridget Dowling, sister-in-law
" William Patrick Hitler, nephew
" Heinz Hitler, nephew
" Angela Hitler Raubal, half-sister
" Maria Schicklgruber, grandmother
" Johann Georg Hiedler, presumed grandfather
" Johann Nepomuk Hiedler, maternal great-grandfather, presumed great uncle and possibly Hitler's true paternal grandfather
" Geli Raubal, niece and rumoured mistress
People associated with Hitler
Main articles: List of Nazi Party leaders and officials and List of former Nazis influential after 1945
" Martin Bormann, Adolf Hitler's secretary.
" Elisabeth F?rster-Nietzsche, sister of philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche and Hitler supporter.
" Hans Frank, Hitler's lawyer and later senior Nazi official in occupied Poland.
" Joseph Goebbels, Minister of Propaganda.
" Hermann G?ring, Reichsmarschall, Commander of the Luftwaffe, founder of the Gestapo.
" Rudolf Hess, Hitler's deputy as party leader, best known for his flight to Scotland to negotiate peace in 1941.
" Reinhard Heydrich, chief of the Reich Main Security Office (including the Gestapo)
" Heinrich Himmler, leader of the SS, key figure in the Holocaust and the "Final Solution".
" Heinrich Hoffmann, official photographer from 1920 to 1945.
" Alfred Jodl, military officer, knew Hitler since 1923.
" Wilhelm Keitel, military Field Marshal during World War II.
" August Kubizek, close friend and roommate in Vienna
" Leopold Poetsch, Hitler's anti-Semitic school teacher
" Leni Riefenstahl, friend and filmmaker who documented the Nazi party.
" Erwin Rommel, military Field Marshal during World War II.
" Ernst R?hm, leader of the SA and internal critic, killed in the Night of the Long Knives (1934).
" Albert Speer, Hitler's personal architect, Minister of armaments. Close friend to Hitler.
" Paul Troost, famous architect who served before Speer.
" Winifred Wagner, head of the Wagner family and close friend of Hitler's.
" A nickname for Hitler used by German soldiers was Gr?faz, a derogatory and/or sarcastic abbreviation for Gr??ter Feldherr aller Zeiten ("Greatest War Lord of all Time"), a title initially publicized by Nazi propaganda after the surprisingly quick fall of France.
" Hitler did not like women to wear cosmetics, since they contained animal by-products, and frequently teased his mistress Eva Braun about her habit of wearing makeup.[15]
" He almost never wore a uniform to social engagements, which he attended frequently whenever in Berlin during the 1930s. When he did wear uniforms, they were tailored and understated compared to those of other prominent Nazis who often wore elaborate uniforms with extensive decorations and medals.
" According to the 2001 documentary The Tramp and the Dictator, the Charlie Chaplin parody/satire The Great Dictator was not only sent to Hitler, but an eyewitness confirmed he did see it, twice. [16]. Chaplin has been quoted as saying, "I'd have given anything to know what he thought of it."
" Hitler was the 1938 TIME Man of the Year.
" Hitler's favourite film was King Kong (1933) and his favourite opera was Richard Wagner's Rienzi, of which he claimed to