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Phenomenon of \"Orange Revolution\": psychological reflections - Реферат

and welfares if only it would benefit the whole outcome of the Revolution. Thousands of common Kyivvites as well as representatives of hundreds of cities, towns and villages throughout Ukraine were eager to share whatever they had to help the cause and rescue the nation. How different are these ideas from what Mr. Kuchma believed about his Nation speaking of the unformed Ukrainian nation and absence of civil society in his"Ukraine is not Russia"!
"What's the value of receiving the salary in the state governed by criminals?", "Do you need this money if you will contemn yourself till the end of days?", and "Do you want your voice to be purchased for the "dirty money" you have been stolen before?" - These were the most common responses of the people to what was happening throughout the whole state!
Forming of civil society in Ukraine was as well proven by a number of other reasons. For the first time in Ukrainian history the nation didn't let authorities to deceive and split itself: neither comprehensive support of foreign politicians and technologies nor dramatic brainwashing of pubic consciousness has made people to betray their ideals, their candidate, yet, their own country. As various mass media monitoring manifest, the aggregate of positive information concerning pro-governmental was exceeding the aggregate positive information of opposition's leader in hundreds times! Not to "swallow the bait" and not yield to the redesigned idea "divide et impera" (divide and rule) was an incredible psychological achievement of the wise nation. Being brainwashed and propagated for the decades Ukrainians have eventually developed the immunity against the harmful propaganda of the ever-worst regime in their state!
Another important psychological aspect that is usually "rested behind the political scene" is the question of national identity. Without particularizing theoretical approaches to the problem of national identity perfectly well discussed in Freudian psychoanalysis, Erickson's theory of identity and number of other paradigms, it is important to say that identity is the key psychological phenomenon that makes nations and people united. The "we" and "they" feelings (Oksana Zabuzhko has been perfectly discussing them in the March issue of "Fulbrighter in Ukraine") have helped consolidation people, strengthen new Ukrainian nation.
If prior to the Revolution the idea of Ukrainian national identity was rather diluted and percept differently in different regions of the country, "Orange Revolution" has apparently prompted making of new Ukrainian oneness, raised prestige of "Ukraineness" both in the country and throughout the world. It was a dramatic experience, a kind of a psychotherapy that helped people to understand that being Ukrainian is prestigious and responsible simultaneously. Forgotten strophes of V. Mayakovsky "Look and envy, I'm a Citizen…" have received their new meaning in the new Ukraine. Due to the Revolution the issue of Ukrainian identity has received its brand new sense shifting from displeasure of being a citizen of corrupted and poor country (let's be critical to own drawbacks) to the delight of leaving in a new state and envy of foreigners (even an observer from welfare Sweden on the so-called "3rd tour of the elections" didn't hide his admiration of people of the country the national colors of which coincides with the ones on Swedish flag, as he mentioned not without a pleasure!).>
For the first time in Ukrainian history people did not fight for somebody's rights. In fact, it was not the Revolution "for" Yuschenko and "contra" Yanukovych, but rather the Revolution for own rights of Ukrainian people, i.e.: the rights to vote, to have own point of view, to criticize the authorities, yet, to participate in transparent and democratic elections and not to be deceived so cynically through imposing "one and only" candidate! For the first time it was not a political revolution (a revolution supporting a certain political power): it was the "Pro-People Revolution" (the revolution for people's rights). Reevaluating Abraham Maslow's classic motivation theory, "Orange Revolution" has become a greatest since Bogdan Khmelnitski self-actualization of people. Reconsidering Sigmund Freud, it was obviously a greatest catharsis of the nation.
To a great extent "Orange Revolution" was also a "psychological revolution" - a revolution in people's social and political mentality. The revolution that helped people get rid of previous "inferiority complex" of "little sister" and understand perfectly well that they are Europeans, the members of all-European family. Illustrating this idea one could say that current opinion polls in the European Union states demonstrate that almost three quarter of their citizens, welcome Ukraine's accession to the EU.
It is also dramatically important, "Orange Revolution" appeared not the issue of choice between two candidates, parties or political programs. Instead, it was rather a choice of two different political regimes, two antagonistic ways of further development of Ukraine: "mediocrity" personified by Mr. Yanukovych and civil society embodied by Yuschenko. Choosing "European and civilized" Ukraine means a great breakthrough, a chance and change for the whole nation, whole continent, the whole globe.
Dramatic kaleidoscope of the revolutionary events that has been keeping the whole world in suspense for more than half a month and history's ever-longest peripeteia of electoral campaign has eventually received almost a Hollywood happy-end where Ukrainian people obviously deserve an Oscar for the best script and craftsmanship (Constantine Stanislavski would probably finally say "I Believe" optimistically). Being one of the most dramatic events we have eyewitnessed here in Ukraine the Revolution was that kind of very necessary and important psychological trigger necessary to wake-up an enchanted Sleeping Beauty - the new Ukrainian nation.
Also the outcomes of "Orange Revolution" will remain the subjects for discussions both for many contemporaries and coming generations, for me personally they are enclosed in two following classic expressions: "No hypocrisy lingers forever", Cicero has once said; "Each may believe in what he wants. I mind just when people are forced to faith in one ultimate truth", Isaac Asimov has added. For sure, further generations of Ukrainians will know these sentences only from chrestomathies but not from their own example.
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