WWW.REFERATCENTRAL.ORG.UA - Я ТУТ НАВЧАЮСЬ

... відкритий, безкоштовний архів рефератів, курсових, дипломних робіт

ГоловнаІноземна мова - Англійська, Німецька та інші → Ринкова економіка - Курсова робота

Ринкова економіка - Курсова робота

The contents
I Economic sciences.
1. Microeconomic.
2. Macroeconomic
II State regulations of economy.
1. Brief historical information.
2. Concept of state economic politics.
3. Subjects of state regulation of economy.
Four communication lines of economic interests with
By state economic politics.
1). Carriers of economic interests.
2). Expressers of economic interests.
3). The executors of economic interests.
4). The return communication line.
5). The questionnaire.
4. Objects of state regulation of economy.
1). State anticyclic politics.
2). State regulation of economy in area
Branch and territorial structure.
3). Accumulation of the capital.
4). Regulation of employment.
5). The money manipulation.
6). A condition of payment balance.
7). The prices.
5. General purpose of state regulation
Economy and tree of the purposes.
6. Means of state regulation of economy.
1). Administrative means.
2). Economic means.
3). The state budget.
4). The taxes.
5). Accelerated amortisation.
6). Public sector.
7). Means of the external economic regulation.
7. State economic programming.
1). Objects of the programs.
2). The usual and extreme programs.
3). The target programs.
4). The subjects of economic programming.
5). Borders of economic programming.
8. Mechanism of state regulation of economy
On an example of the prices.
1). The price right.
2). Supervision of the state over the prices.
3). Indirect influence of the state on the prices.
4). Direct state intervention in process of money appearing.
5). Influence state sector.
6). The contribution of public sector to process
Price control.
9. Inflation.
1). The reasons of occurrence of inflation.
a). Internal.
b). External.
2). Types of inflation.
a). Slow inflation.
b). Galloping inflation.
c). Hyperinflation.
3). Consequences of inflation.
a). Positive functions.
b). Negative consequences.
4). Management of inflation.
10. Unemployment.
1). The market of work.
2). Classification of the unemployed.
3). The formula of calculation of monthly average
Rate of unemployment.
4). The concepts treating a phenomenon of unemployment.
5). Directions of state regulation
Market of work.
6). Labour exchange.
11. Stages of state regulation of economy.
III Lists of the used literature.
"The People, who have never systematically learned the economic theory, are similar to deaf persons, which try to estimate sounding an orchestra ".
P. Samulson
There are fields of knowledge and vital experience, about which, it seems any of us can judge. Except for politics, to such spheres concern medicine and, certainly, economy. It is not casual, you see economy - science is empirical, it connection with practice is direct. Each of us, irrespective of preparation, collides daily with the economic phenomena. We are all workers - create values or we raise the qualification, we receive the incomes, we address to the market, we watch (keep up) the prices, we are the consumers. The economy studies "homo economics" - economic man, his actions and interests. Well as in medicine, where for statement of the diagnosis it is necessary to know the functioning of a healthy organism, first of all to understand the laws of functioning of healthy economy.
The economic science is called to define how to use the limited resources maximum effectively - natural stocks, capitals, labour reserves. Like other branches of knowledge, the economy includes a set of axioms and proofs, suitable for the analysis in any concrete conditions. And in this narrow sense it can not be national, as well as there can not be a American physics or German mathematics. The prices of the goods everywhere are defined by a parity of a supply and demand, with the growth of the income there is a reduction of its consumed part and increase gathering.
But the economy has basic difference from exact and natural sciences: it has business not with the separate man on a uninhabited island, but with the member of a society subject to influence of traditions, national mentality and political institutes. The toolkit of the economist has therefore national specificity.
The science is formed approximately the same as the tree grows or the building is constructed. The great economists of the past have put in pawn the base, have created the theory named as microeconomy. As initial item for the analysis a facilities of the businessman and farmer were taken. The microeconomy studies the relation between the businessmen (competition), businessmen and hired workers, sellers and buyers. It formulates the laws: supplies and demand, rarity-decreasing income, limiting productivity of work or capital. The microeconomy is directly connected to enterprise activity, at the same time being a management for business.
The economic theory created in 18 - 19 centuries is named classical, it answered requirements of development of an industrial society based on a private property and freedom of an economic choice. The creativity of ingenious Adam Smite for economy is compared to the invention of a wheel.
Gradually national economy is turning to complex systems of branches forming a global economy. Periodically repeating economic crisises, chronic - unemployment and inflation become a rule.
Business practice includes problems, which are not solved through traditional means. The economists begin to be interested in questions of general balance, cumulative demand, money manipulation.
The 20 centuries appeared to be a stage of macroeconomy. The large system is not only set of small subsystems - firms and branches, but also a new quality. Its actions are operated by other mechanisms. Macrosystem can not be described by categories of microsystem (price, profit, competition etc.). New techniques and tools here are necessary.
The Macroeconomic analysis becomes a basis of state politics, development of the programs, selective ("dot") methods of influence. But macroeconomic is knowledgethat works not far from

 
 

Цікаве

Loading...