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228 відповідей на питання з американістики (шпаргалка) - Реферат

Angeles: The Big Orange, City of Angels, City of Flowers and Sunshine.
211. What boroughs does New York city consist of?
The city of New York City is divided into five districts or boroughs. The five boroughs consist of Brooklyn, Bronx, Staten Island, Queens and Manhattan. These boroughs all form the city of New York. With a population that exceeds 7,300,000 the city is one of the world's largest as well.
212. What do the following abbreviations stand for?
GOP - The Republican Party, often called the GOP (for Grand Old Party)
IRC - The Internal Revenue Service
WASP - White Anglo-Saxon Protestant
BA - Bachelor of Arts, see Bachelor's degree
MIT - The Massachusetts Institute of Technology, or MIT, is a research institution and university located in the city of Cambridge, Massachusetts directly across the Charles River from Boston's Back Bay district. MIT is a world leader in science and technology, as well as in many other fields, including management, economics, linguistics, political science, and philosophy.
GI - The abbreviation G.I. is most commonly used to shorten government issue, and has different meanings depending on the part of speech in which it is used.
As a noun, G.I. refers to a soldier in the US Army or, less commonly, any person in the US military.
213. Make some comments on the eating and drinking habits in the USA. Name some of the typically American foods or dishes.
Key terms: fast food - junk food, burgers, pizza, hamburgers, hot dogs, fried chicken, sloppy Joe, coleslaw and pizza.
Traditional diet - beef with potatoes. Bottles of Coca Cola everywhere. Pumpkin, apple pie, chocolate chip cookies, grape jelly, peanut butter, maple syrup, pancakes.
As with any large country, the U.S.A has several distinct regions. Each region boasts its own special style of food. Visit the South and enjoy country-style cooking. Journey through Louisiana for some spicy Creole (French+African+Carribean) cuisine. Take a trip to New England and sample savory seafood dishes. Travel through the Midwest," the breadbasket of the nation," for delicious baked goods. Cruise over to the Southwest and try some tasty Tex-Mex treats. Finish your food tour in the Pacific Northwest with some gourmet coffee.
Dinner is replaced by lunch. Selling and consumption of alcohol in public places is often banned.
Ethnic national restaurants: Chinese, Mexican, Tex-Mex, Mediterranean, Lebanese, etc.. (Tortilla, chilly, burritos, etc)
214. Give the names of some of the US presidents and say what they are famous for. See the questions below.
215. Give the names of some of the First Ladies and say what they are famous for.
Laura Bush is actively involved in issues of national and global concern, with a particular emphasis on education, health care, and human rights.
Hillary Rodham Clinton
She was elected United States Senator from New York on November 7, 2000. She is the first First Lady elected to the United States Senate and the first woman elected statewide in New York.
Edith Kermit Carow Roosevelt
She kept till the end her interest in the Needlework Guild, a charity which provided garments for the poor, and in the work of Christ Church at Oyster Bay.
216. Who were the first American presidents? George Washington 1789-97, John Adams 1797-1801, Thomas Jefferson 1801-09, James Madison 1809-17
217. What was the name of the president who made the Louisiana Purchase? Thomas Jefferson
218. Which of the presidents had the nickname "Honest Abe"? Abraham Lincoln
219. Who was the US president during the Civil war? Abraham Lincoln
220. Who was the US president during the Great Depression and World War II? Franklin D. Roosevelt
221. Who was elected President four times? Franklin D. Roosevelt
222. What American president was assassinated in 1963? John F. Kennedy
223. Who was the first Irish Catholic to be elected President of the US? John F. Kennedy
Jack Kennedy or JFK, was the 35th President of the United States (1961-1963). The events surrounding his assassination on November 22, 1963 are remembered in vivid detail by nearly all Americans that lived through them, and also by many others. Mourned around the world, presidents, prime ministers, and members of royalty walked behind the casket at his funeral.
The youngest person ever to be elected president of the U.S. (Theodore Roosevelt was the youngest ever to serve as president), Kennedy was also the youngest ever to die. As of 2005, he was also the only Catholic ever to be elected president, the last Democratic Party candidate from the North to be elected president, and the last president to die in office. He was also the first person to become president born in the 20th century.
Major eventsduring his presidency included the Cuban Missile Crisis, the building of the Berlin Wall, the Space Race, early events of the Vietnam War, and the Civil Rights Movement.
224. What is the name of the US president who was the only one to resign from office? Richard M. Nixon
After five men hired by Nixon's reelection committee were caught burglarizing Democratic party headquarters at the Watergate Complex on June 17, 1972, President Nixon's subsequent behavior-his cover-up of the burglary and refusal to turn over evidence-led the House Judiciary Committee to issue three articles of impeachment on July 30, 1974. The document also indicted Nixon for illegal wiretapping, misuse of the CIA, perjury, bribery, obstruction of justice, and other abuses of executive power. "In all of this," the Articles of Impeachment summarize, "Richard M. Nixon has acted in a manner contrary to his trust as president and subversive of constitutional government, to the great prejudice of the cause of law and justice, and to the manifest injury of the people of the United States." Impeachment appeared inevitable, and Nixon resigned on Aug. 9, 1974.
225. Have any of the US presidents been impeached? NO! But two of them have gone through the process of impeachment: Andrew Johnson, the seventeenth chief executive, and William J. Clinton, the forty-second.
Johnson, a Southern Democrat who became president after Lincoln's assassination, supported a mild policy of Reconstruction after the Civil War. The Radical Republicans in Congress were furious at his leniency toward ex-Confederates and obvious lack of concern for ex-slaves, demonstrated by his veto of civil rights bills and opposition to the Fourteenth Amendment. To protect Radical Republicans in Johnson's administration and diminish the strength of the president, Congress passed the Tenure of Office Act in 1867, which prohibited the president from dismissing office holders without the Senate's approval. A defiant Johnson tested the constitutionality of the Act by attempting to oust Secretary of War Edwin M. Stanton. His violation of the Act became the basis for impeachment in 1868. But the Senate was one vote short of the two-thirds majority needed