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228 відповідей на питання з американістики (шпаргалка) - Реферат

programmes in the USA?
The Democratic party.
186. Give the names of the holidays that originated on the American soil.
Martin Luther King Day - the third Monday of every January
Presidents' Day - the third Monday in February
Memorial Day - the fourth Monday of every May
Independence Day - July 4
Labor Day - the first Monday of September
Columbus Day - October 12
Veterans Day - November 11
Thanksgiving - the fourth Thursday in November.
187. What was the origin of Thanksgiving Day?
The holiday dates back to 1621, the year after the Puritans arrived in Massachusetts, determined to practice their dissenting religion without interference. After a rough winter, in which about half of them died, they turned for help to neighboring Indians, who taught them how to plant corn and other crops. The next fall's bountiful harvest inspired the Pilgrims to give thanks by holding a feast.
The Thanksgiving feast became a national tradition -- not only because so many other Americans have found prosperity but also because the Pilgrims' sacrifices for their freedom still captivate the imagination.
188. What is the traditional menu of Thanksgiving dinner?
To this day, Thanksgiving dinner almost always includes some of the foods served at the first feast: roast turkey, cranberry sauce, potatoes, pumpkin pie. Before the meal begins, families or friends usually pause to give thanks for their blessings, including the joy of being united for the occasion
189. What American holiday is considered to be a special time for charity? Thanksgiving Day.
190. What is the main national holiday in the USA? Independence Day - July 4.
191. What are the main Christian holidays in the USA?
Americans share three national holidays with many countries: Easter Sunday, Christmas Day, and New Year's Day.
Easter, which falls on a spring Sunday that varies from year to year, celebrates the Christian belief in the resurrection of Jesus Christ. For Christians, Easter is a day of religious services and the gathering of family. Many Americans follow old traditions of coloring hard-boiled eggs and giving children baskets of candy. On the next day, Easter Monday, the president of the United States holds an annual Easter egg hunt on the White House lawn for young children.
New Year's Day, of course, is January 1. The celebration of this holiday begins the night before, when Americans gather to wish each other a happy and prosperous coming year.
Dec 25 - Christmas is a most important religious holy day for Christians, who attend special church services to celebrate the birth of Jesus of Nazareth. Since most Americans are Christian, the day is one on which most businesses are closed and the greatest possible number of workers, including government employees, have the day off. Many places even close early on the day before. Decorating houses and yards with lights, putting up Christmas trees, giving gifts, and sending greeting cards have become traditions even for many non-Christian Americans.
192. What American holidays are celebrated on Monday to give the people a long weekend?
Martin Luther King Day - the third Monday of every January
Presidents' Day - the third Monday in February
Memorial Day - the fourth Monday of every May
Labor Day - the first Monday of September.
193. What American holidays are considered to be the beginning and the end of the summer season?
Memorial Day - last Monday in May: Official holiday. Memorial Day is the day on which Americans remember those who died in military service to their country. Many families visit graves and decorate them with flowers. The day is also marked with patriotic parades. This day is considered the beginning of the summer season.
Labor Day: The first Monday of September, this holiday honors the nation's working people, typically with parades. For most Americans it marks the end of the summer vacation season, and for many students the opening of the school year.
194. What are the two main religions in the USA?
The United States is noteworthy among developed nations for its relatively high level of religiosity. Overall, more than 25% of Americans attend a religious service at least once a week.
Christianity, Judaism.
195. What confessions belong to minority groups? Jewish, Islamic, Buddhist.
196. What churches belong to Protestantism? Baptist ,Methodist/Wesleyan, Lutheran, Presbyterian,
Episcopalian/Anglican, Mormon/Latter-Day Saints, Churches of Christ, etc
197. What state was the first to introduce the principle of the separation of church and state? Rhode Island, 1636.
198. What significance did the election of J. F. Kennedy the US President have for the religious life in the country?
By the time of the Civil War, over one million Irish Catholics had come to the United States. In a majority Protestant country, they and Catholics of other backgrounds were subjected to prejudice. As lateas 1960, some Americans opposed Catholic presidential candidate John F. Kennedy on the grounds that, if elected, he would do the Pope's bidding. Kennedy confronted the issue directly, pledging to be an American president, and his election did much to lessen anti-Catholic prejudice in the United States.
199. What were the goals of the women's movement in the middle of the 19th century?
The feminist movement in the U.S. grew out of the suffragist and abolitionalist movements. In terms of women's history the eariest wave of feminsm is referred to as the "First Wave." During this wave, suffragists and abolitionalists fought to secure basic rights for women-- to get the vote, to archive equality in property rights, access to education, access to jobs and fair pay, divorce, and children's custody.
200. When were American women given the right to vote?
Suffrage is the civil right to vote.
The 19th Amendment was ratified in 1920. It says: The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any state on account of sex.
201. What event is considered to be the beginning of the feminist movement?
Feminism became an organized movement in the 19th century as people increasingly came to believe that women were being treated unfairly. The feminist movement was rooted in the progressive movement and especially in the reform movement of the 19th century. The organized movement was dated from the first women's rights convention at Seneca Falls, New York, in 1848.
The triggering incident was a direct result of participation in anti-slavery organizations by Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Lucretia Mott. Anti-slavery societies proliferated in the Northeast region of the United States and in some parts of what today we call the Midwest. Many of these organizations had female members. In 1840 the World Anti-Slavery Convention met in London; some of the American groups elected women as their