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Canada - Реферат

fruit and wine-producing region.
Toronto - the capital of the province and the largest city.
It is located on the north shore of Lake Ontar-io.
It's one of the chief Great Lakes ports.
It has an international airport at Malton.
It is famous as an artistic and musical center.
The sights are: the Art Gallery, the Royal Conservatory of Music, the Royal Ontario Museum.
Educational centers are: the University of To-ronto,
Ryerson Iinstitute of Technology, York Uni-versity.
Ottawa - the capital of Canada.
It sits on the south bank of the Ottawa River at its confluence with the Rideau River.
It's a political center, the government and the parliament are situated here.
The sights are: Parliament Hill, Peace Tower, Rockcliffe Park, the National Gallery, the Royal Canadian Mint, the Canadian War Mu-seum, the National Museum of Science and Technology, the Royal Canadian Mounted Po-lice Stables and Practice Ground.
2. Quebec
"where the river narrows"
Entered Confederation: 1 July 1867
Area: 1,540,687 sq km
Location: St. Lawrence Lowlands
Population: 6,895,960
Provincial symbols:
" the white lily
" the snowy owl The Climate and the soil are good for general farming.
Manufacturing is the prime industry.
There are vast amounts of hydroelectric power.
It's the main paper producer in North America.
Half the province is forest.
Other important industries are: aluminium, minerals, timber, tourism, dairy goods, apples and maple syrup.
St. Lawrence River is a link between the Great Lakes and the Atlantic Ocean. Quebec City - the capital of the province.
It was founded by Jacques Cartier in 1534 (was called Stadacona).
It was named Quebec ("kebec") by Samuel de Champlain in 1608.
Montreal - an island city.
It's the largest Canada's city and most impor-tant port.
It's the largest French-speaking city in the world after Paris.
It's called the "Paris of the Western Hemis-phere".
It's a financial, commercial and industrial cen-ter of the country.
Here is James Street known as the "Wall Street of Cana-da".
The Metro was opened in 1966.
The sights are: the square Place Royal (old), Basilica Notre Dame (the church), Museum of Archaeology and History, the park Mont Roy-al, Fine Arts Museum, the Contemporary Art Gallery, the Cathedral of Montreal, the Olym-pic Sports Complex, the Biodom, Wax Mu-seum.
Educational centers: McGill University (Eng-lish), the University of Montreal (French).
3. Newfoundland and Labrador
Entered Confederation: 31 March 1949
Area: 404,520 sq km
Location: island of Newfoundland, the coast of Labrador on the main-land
Population: 568,474
Provincial symbols:
" the pitcher plant
" the marine Atlantic puffin It's rugged, weather-beaten land at the edge of Canada, heavily influenced by the sea and the conditions of the not-to-distant north.
Fishing and forestry gave prosperity to this province.
They export raw natural resources: nickel, cop-per, oil, cobalt.
Labrador is the second largest producer of nickel in the world. St. John's - the capital of the province.
4. Nova Scotia
Entered Confederation: 1 July 1867
Area: 55,491 sq km
Location: a 380 mi long peninsula at the At-lantic Coast
Population: 930,000
Provincial symbols:
" the mayflower
" the osprey Fishing remains important.
Major moneymakers are: mining, shipbuilding, tourism, crafts.
Agriculture is a significant part of the economy. The main products are: dairying, fruit, Christmas trees. Halifax - the capital of the province.
5. Prince Edward Island
Entered Confederation: 1 July 1873
Area: 5,657sq km
Location: is separated from the mainland by a strait
Population: 131,600
Provincial symbols:
" the common lady's slipper
" the blue jay It's primarily a farming community because of good red soil. They grow potatoes and sold it all over the country.
Fishing is also important.
Tourism is a growing industry. The quiet, gent-ly rolling hills with good beaches attract a lot of tourists. Charlottetown - the capital of the province.
6. New Brunswick
Entered Confederation: 1 July 1867
Area: 73,437 sq km
Location: along the Atlantic Coast
Population: 723,900
Provincial symbols:
" the purple violet
" the chickadee It's largely forested.
Two of the main industries are: Lumber and pulp and paper operations.
Fishing, manufacturing and minerals are also important. Fredericton - the capital of the province.
7. Manitoba
"great spirit" "Manito Waba"
Entered Confederation: 15 July 1870
Area: 650,090 sq km
Location: between Ontario and Saskatchewan
Population: 1,091,942
Provincial symbols:
" the prairie crocus
" the grey owl The western edge is best for farming.
Wheat is the major agricultural product.
Manufacturing is the main source of income.
Food processing and clothing factories are im-portant.
In the northern Shield area there are rich depo-sits of gold, copper, nickel, zinc. Winnipeg - the capital of the province.
8. Saskatchewan
"river which turns around when it runs"
Entered Confederation: 1 September 1905
Area: 651,903 sq km The south is flat.
It's the greatest grower of wheat in North America.
It produces 2/3 of Canada's crop.
Other agricultural products: barley, rye, sun-flowers, beef cattle.
In the north there are 100,000 lakes. Regina - the capital of the province.
Location: between Manitoba and Alberta
Population: 988,928
Provincial symbols:
" the lily
" the sharp-tailed grouse It has the richest potash depositsin the world.
Oil mining brings a lot of money.
9. Alberta
Entered Confederation: 1 September 1905
Area: 661,185 sq km
Location: between British Columbia and Saskatchewan
Population: 2,545,550
Provincial symbols:
" the wild rose
" the lodgepole pine
" the great horned owl
" the big horned sheep In the east - the Canadian prairies.
It has very fertile agricultural land. They pro-duce wheat, barley, rye and beef.
In the north - rivers, lakes and forests.
Manufacturing industries: timber and pulp in-dustry, mining minerals (oil, natural gas, coking coal).
Tourism is the third highest source of profit.
Edmonton - the capital of the province.
It's on the North Saskatchewan River.
It's the ninth largest city in Canada.
It has one of the largest airports in the country.
The Canadian National Railway passes through the city.
There are numerous industries there.
The University of Alberta is here.
Calgary ("clear running water") is the center of Canada' greatest ranching area.
It's the administrative and financial center of Canada's oil industry.
It's a cultural and educational center: the Uni-versity of Alberta, Provincial Institute of Technology and Art, Mount Royal College, Allied Arts Centre, Philarmonic Orchestra, Ju-bilee Auditorium, an aquarium.
10. British Columbia
Entered Confederation: 20 July 1871
Area: 948,596 sq km
Location: Pacific Coast, is warmed by the Japanese