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Тексти про Україну (англійською мовою) (шпаргалки) - Реферат

weather changes very often. In spring sunshine and showers follow each other often during the day.
In spring the weather is generally mild. The summer is not so hot as on the continent.
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is a constitutional monarchy. Britain does not have a written constitution. Parliament is the most important authority in Britain. The monarch serves formally as head of state. The present sovereign is Queen Elizabeth II (the second). The House of Commons consists of Members of Partliament. General elections are held every five years. All citizens aged 18 have the right to vote. There are few political parties in Britain. The mainones are: the Conservative Party, the Labour Party. Each political party puts up one candidate for each constituency. The one who wins the most votes is elected MP for that area. The party which wins the most seats in Parliament forms the Government. Its leader becomes the Prime Minister. The functions of the House of Commons are legislation and scrutiny of government activities. The House of Commons is presided over by the Speaker. The House of Lords is presided by the Lord Chancellor. The House of Lords has no real power. It's in the House of Commons that new bills are introduced and debated. Parliament is responsible for British national policy. Local governments are responsible for organizing such services as education, police and many others.
Kyiv is my native city. It's an ancient city. Ancient Kyiv was a large commercial centre of the East Slavs. During the reign of Prince Volodimir the city expanded greatly. Under the rule of Prince Yaroslav the Wise many churches and cathedrals and monasteries appeared in the city. There are a lot of places of historical importance in Kyiv. Among them there are the Kyivo-Pecherska Lavra, the Golden Gate, the St. Sophia's Cathedral. For those who love Kyiv so dearly as I do, it's very difficult to choose some places of the particular interest. If the day is fine and the sky is cloudless, I'd like to go to the Golden Gate. It is situated in the centre of the city. From the top of the Gates we can admire a splendid view of the city. I also like the St. Sophia's Cathedral. Prince Yaroslav the Wise is buried there.
Almost every country has holidays honouring important events in its history. Some holidays come on the same date, some are movable. We celebrate the first day of Cristmas on the 7th of January. On the 6th of January people cook much food because the day after we must not work. On this day we have a sacred supper or Kolyada. It begins when the first star lights up. As the legend says, this star announced the birth of the God's Son. We celebrate Christmas for three days. In the evening a group of boys comes. They sing songs. By these songs they congratulate on holiday. Another religious holiday is Easter. It is movable. In Ukraine we have special attributes of Easter: Easter eggs, we call them "krashenka" and Easter cakes "paska". It is a very nice spring holiday. New Year's Day is very popular all over the world. It is my favourite holiday. Victory Day is on the 9th of May. It is a sacred holiday for every Ukrainian citizen. We are thankful to our grandfathers for the victory.
I'd like to describe you my working day. All the days looked very much the same. On weekdays I usually get up at 7. I do my morning exercises. Then I wash my face and hands and clean my teeth. At half past seven I am ready to have my breakfast. I like to have a quick light breakfast. After breakfast I leave for school. My school is not far from my house. It takes me 10 minutes to get to school. My lessons begin at 8.30 a.m. and finish at about 3 p.m. Six or seven lessons a day is the ordinary timetable. Twice a week I stay at school after classes to play basketball. When I come home I have dinner. Then I rest a little. Sometimes I read a book or talk to my friends over telephone. After that I start doing my home assignments. Twice a week I go to have private lessons in Maths in order to improve my knowledge. As a rule, I finish doing my homework at about 11 o'clock. But one 'day a week is not so busy. This is Thursday. On Thursday I usually help my mother. Sometimes I do shopping or pick up clothes at the cleaner's. I usually have supper at 8 o'clock p.m.. Then I go on with my work. At 11 o'clock I go to bed.
London is a very old town. It is about two thousand years old. Now London is one of the biggest cities in the world. Its population is about 8 million people. It's not only a capital of Great Britain, it's a large business and commercial centre. London stands on the Thames. As an ancient city London has a great number of places of historic interest. They attract tourists from all the world. London is traditionally divided into four main parts. They are Westminster, the City, the West End and the East End. Westminster is the historical area in London. Famous monuments and buildings are there. One of the most beautiful places is Westminster Abbey. Many greatest poets and writers are buried there. Chauser, Dickens, Kipling are among them. Newton and Darwin are buried there too. Another place which is worth seeing in London is the Tower. In different times this castle was a fortress, a royal palace, a prison. Now it is a museum. London is rich in famous palaces. Buckingham Palace is the official residence of the Queen. Westminster Palace is the seat of the British Parliament. The greatist of English churches is St.Paul's Cathedral. It was built by a famous English architect. Sir Christopher Wren. Trafalgar Square is considered to be the very centre of London. In the middle of it stands the monument to admiral Nelson. London is famous for its streets and squares as well. Fleet Street is known for the newspaper offices situated there. Regent Street is famous for the richest shops ans supermarkets. Speaking about London it is impossible to say nothing about its museums. The British Museum shows works of art from ancient Asia, Egypt, Rome and Greece side by side with those of Great Britain and other countries.