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Food - Реферат

Aside form diets and salads, there are the foods that people eat because their favorite athlete, musician, or actor eats that brand or kind for food. The cultural icons over the last several years have been exploited to promote the sale of different foods or food substitutes. Whatever Michael Jordan, Mel Gibson, or Oprah Winfrey drink and eat, the ardent fans, wannabes and admirers worldwide try to eat and drink. People don't always pay attention to how truly nutritious something is; if the in-crowed or the cultural icon they aspire to be like eat it, they will get it. Pop culture is a powerful force.

Food is the Staff of life.18

Regardless of how you view food, you need it to live. You need the right kinds of food in the right amounts to have a healthy life. Your needs for different kinds of food change as grow and mature. Everyone needs the three key nutrients that provide the body with energy and the necessary building blocks: carbohydrates (sugar and starch), fat, and protein. Unfortunately, in our world today, not every one has access to all of these all the time. World hanger is a global problem that needs to be addressed by all nations.

The right type and kind of foods the body needs to grow, develop, and stay healthy are not known by everyone. A good, daily, balanced diet is key to a healthy life. Do you have a balanced diet? Do you know what you eat every

day? Why do you think you eat the foods you eat? Eating the right food everyday not only nourishes our bodies, but it also nourishes our spirits, our creativity and thinking, and our language and interaction with other people.

What Counts as a serving?19

The amount of food that counts as a serving is listed. If you eat a large portion, count it as more than one serving. For example, cup of cooked pasta counts as one serving in the bread, cereal, rice, and pasta group. If you eat 1 cup of pasta that would be 2 servings. If you eat less than cup, count it as part of a serving.

For mixed foods, do the best you can to decide the food groups and to estimate the servings of the main ingredients. Pizza would count in the Bread Group (crust), the Milk Group (cheese), and the Vegetable Group (tomato). Beef stew would count in the Meat Group and Vegetable Group.

Bread, Cereal, Rice, and Pasta Group

Bread

Hamburger roll, bagel, English muffin

Tortilla

Rice, pasta, cooked

Pain crackers, small

Breakfast cereal

Pancakes, 4-in diameter

Croissant

Doughnut

Danish

Cake, Frosted

Cookies

Pie, fruit, 2-crust

Vegetable Group

Vegetables, cooked

Vegetables, leafy, raw

Vegetables, nonleafy raw, chopped

Potatoes, scalloped

Potato salad

French fries

Fruit Group

Whole fruit: apple, orange. Banana

Fruit, raw or canned

Fruit juice, unsweetened

Avocado

Milk, yogurt, and cheese Group

Skim milk

Lowfat milk 2 %

Whole milk

Chocolate milk,

2 %

Lowfat yogurt, plain

Lowfat yogurt, fruit

1 slice

1

1

cup

3-4

1oz

2

1 large(2oz)

1medium (2oz)

1medium (2oz)

1 average slice

2 medium

1 average slice

2 medium

cup

1cup

cup

cup

cup

10

1 medium

cup

cup

whole

1 cup

1 cup

1 cup

1 cup

8 oz

8oz

1

2

1

1

1

1

2

2

2

2

1

1

2

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Natural cheddar cheese

Processed cheese

Mozzarella, part skim

Ricotta, part skim

Cottage cheese, 4 % fat

Ice cream

Ice milk

Frozen yogurt

Meat, Poultry, Fish, Dry Beans, Eggs, and Nuts Group

Lean meat, poultry, fish, cooked

Ground beef, cooked

Chicken, with skin

Bologna

Dry beans and peas, cooked

Peanut butter

Nuts

Fats, oils, and Sweets

Butter, margarine

Mayonnaise

Salad dressing

Reduced calorie salad dressing

Sour cream

Sugar, jam, jelly

Cola

Fruit drink, ade

Chocolate bar

Sherbet

Fruit sorbet

Gelatin dessert

1 oz

2 oz

1 oz

cup

cup

cup

cup

cup

3 oz

3 oz

3 oz

2 slices (1 oz)

1 (1 oz)

2 Tbsp (1 oz)

1/3 cup (1 oz)

1 tsp

1 Tbsp

1 Tbsp

1 Tbsp

2 Tbsp

1 tsp

12 fl oz

12 fl oz

1 tsp

cup

1 tsp

1 tsp

1

1

1

1/3

1/3

1

1

1

1/3

1/3

1/3

1/3

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Plan a healthy Diet

Using the food Guide Pyramid and "What Counts as a Serving?" plan a full day's diet that contains the recommended number of servings for each food group. Be sure that the meals you create are ones you would actually eat.

Food Items How Number of Total number

Much servings of serving

Bread Group

Vegetable Group

Fruit Group

Milk Group

Meat Group

Fats, Oils, and Sweets

Food Guide Pyramid.

The U.S. Department of Agriculture Food Guide Pyramid is an outline for making daily food choices for a healthful diet. Researchers now know that eating a healthful diet reduces the risk of heart disease, high blood pressure, stroke, certain cancers, and the most common type of diabetes.

The pyramid shape is related to the recommended daily amounts of food from each of five major groups and from a sixth grouping of "extras". Most people should eat more servings of foods from groups closer to the base and fewer servings of food from groups closer to the trip.

For good health you need foods from the five major food groups shown in the Food Guide Pyramid. At the base of the Pyramid is the Bread Group, which includes bread, cereal, rice, and paste. On the next level are the Vegetable Group – including yellow, root, and green leafy vegetables – and the Fruit Group. On the third level are the Milk Group – which includes milk, yogurt, and cheese – and the Meat Group, which includes meat, poultry, fish, dry beans, eggs, and nuts. The sixth grouping – Fats, Oils, and Sweets – is shown at the tip of the Pyramid; these extras are grouped together because they each should be used sparingly.

The knowledge of this theme "Food" makes these practical and theoretical valuable for those who wanted to grow thin or to grow fat.

Also material of this report is incased knowledge and enriched this theme. It is the help for English teachers and students who want to know more than they have in their books.

Bibliography

  • The magazine "Forum" volume 36 number 4 Oct-Dec 1998

  • The book "Brush your English" E.D. Mihailova and A.Y. Romanovich, Moscow. 2001

  • The book " 1000 English topics" V. Kaverina and V. Boiko, Moscow, 2000

  • The book " Happy English reader"

  • The book "American Studies" V.M. Pavlotskei, St. Peterburg, 1997

  • The book "The USA history and the present" L. Khalilova, 1999

  • The book "Kazakh in brief" G.H. Molkha, Astana

  • The book "English for students" I.A. Klapalchenko, Mpscow, 1997

1 From the magazine "Forum".

2 From the magazine "Forum".

3 From the magazine "Forum".

4 From the magazine "Forum".

4

4

5 From the magazine "Forum".

5

5

6 From the magazine "Forum".

7 From the magazine "English".

8 From the book "Brush up your English" E. D. Mihailova and A. Y. Romanovich

9 From the book "100 English topics" Kaverina V. And Boiko V.

10 From the site "www. English for everyone.ru"

11 From the book "Happy English reader"

1112 From the book " American Studies" Pavlotskei V. M. , St. Petersburg, 1997

12 From the book " The USA history and the present" L. Khalilova

1

1

13 From the book "The USA history and the present" L. Khalilova

1

14 From the book "The USA history and the present" L. Khalilova.

15 From the book "Kazakhstan in brief" G. H. Molkha, Astana, 2002.

16 From the magazine "English".

17 From the magazine "forum".

18 From the book "English for students" I. A. Klepalchenko.

19 From the magazine "Forum"

2

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