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Tourism in Germany - Реферат

4.2. National Parks

A) The Jasmund National Park

The Jasmund National Park offers many different landscapes within a very small area. Come and visit a cretaceous landscape with numerous bogs, wet grasslands and dry meadows. The most renowned attraction are the chalk cliffs surrounding the Knigsstuhl which have been captured in paintings by the famous artist Caspar David Friedrich.

Apart from the Knigsstuhl, the highest point on the chalk coastline, the whole length of the chalk coastline is impressive. It stretches over a length of 10 km, reaches a height of 117 m and consists of both active and inactive cliffs, illustrating the dynamics of an active steep coastline.

The national park offers a wide range of activities, such as hiking and bicycle tours, excursions and seminars which give the opportunity to explore the most beautiful hiking trails through the regions forested landscapes.

The Stubnitz area is not just worth a visit because of its magical chalk landscape, it is also the home of mythical figures.On guided tours, organised on a regular basis by the national park administration, you will find out everything about Hertha, a Germanic goddess, and Strtebecker, a pirate who is said to have buried treasure somewhere in this area.

Highlights:- Cape Arkona with the little town of Vitt- the fishing port of Sassnitz with its fishing museum- "Piratenschlucht" (pirates gorge) in Sassnitz- Greifswald's museum with an exhibition of paintings by Caspar David Friedrich- historic craftsmen's dwellings in Gingst- Grmbke lookout tower near Neuenkirchen

Activities:Jasmund offers a wide range of guided tours (daily tours take place from April - September, both from the parking lot in Hagen to the Knigsstuhl and from Sassnitz to the bizarre rock formations of "Wissower Klinken").Furthermore, you can visit numerous exhibitions (at the national park visitors center at the Knigsstuhl and also at the Granitz hunting lodge near Sellin).The biosphere reserve "South East Rgen" organises further hiking and bicycle tours, as well as excursions.

B) The Wadden Sea of Hamburg National Park

The Wadden Sea of Hamburg National Park, which is the smallest of three mud-flats national parks, is characterized by three islands:"Neuwerk", widely covered with meadows and with a population of 40, "Scharhrn", with its sand dunes, and "Nigehrn" which has been created artificially. The island group is located directly at the mouth of the river Elbe near Cuxhaven in northern Germany and protects a landscape of approximately 12,000 hectares of wadden sea.

On guided tours you not only have the opportunity to learn about the regions landscape but also about the islands historical background. On the way from Neuwerk to Scharhrn you will walk along trails leading across seemingly endless mud-flats. Scharhrn, which used to be a sandbank, is a tourist attraction mainly for its sea bird colonies. On a visit to the ornithological station you will see one of the largest colonies of sea swallows.

Highlights:- carriage ride across mud-flats from Sahlenburg to the island of Neuwerk- voyage with the MS "Flipper" from Cuxhaven to the island of Neuwerk- guided walks across the Wadden sea- guided tours to the bird colonies, salt marshes and wadden sea of Neuwerk- guided tours to Scharhrn, the bird sanctuary- searching for amber on the "Kleiner Vogelsand"- amber exhibition on the island of Neuwerk

Activities:We recommend national park visitors on day trips to take a walk along the main dyke, from which you can see the foreshore with its bird colonies but also the islands interior. Cars are banned on the islands. For this reason tours, for example, to the fortified tower of the island of Neuwerk, through the salt marshes of the foreshore with their abundance of flora and fauna, or to the "Ostschleuse" lock, can either be made on foot or by horse-drawn carriage.

C) The Wadden Sea of Lower Saxony National Park

Make a trip to one of the most impressive wadden sea landscapes. High up, in northern Germany, at the North Sea coast of Lower Saxony, the Wadden Sea of Lower Saxony National Park is located. It protects the wadden seas landscape between the river Ems and the river Elbe, including the offshore East Frisian Islands. The national park offers amazing natural spectacles and various landscapes, such as salt-marshes, which are typical of this region, the steep coast near Dangast and the "swimming bog" near Sehestedt, Germany's only remaining bog landscape located outside the country's dykes

Highlights:- Wadden Sea House in Wilhelmshaven- Norddeich seal station- Lightship and whale-bone fence on the island of Borkum- Fisherman's House Museum on the island of Norderney- Dornumsiel Castle, surrounded by water- German Shipping Museum in Bremerhaven- Old lighthouse on the island of Wangerooge

Activities:The surrounding area offers a wide range of sightseeing opportunities, such as the East Frisian islands of Juist and Norderney. Whether you want to go swimming and enjoy the broad beaches, take a ride in a carriage across the island or a walk through the salt-marshes, the national parks recreation and leisure program will guarantee a lot of fun and relaxation.

D) The Wadden Sea of Schleswig-Holstein National Park

Welcome to the Wadden Sea of Schleswig-Holstein National Park, the largest national park in central Europe. One third of Schleswig-Holstein belongs to the worlds largest uninterrupted wadden sea landscape, which reaches from the North Sea coast of the Netherlands up to Denmark. The wadden sea, a stretch of land affected by tides, are flooded by sea water during high tide and remain dry during low tide, a unique phenomenon worldwide. Experience an oceanic landscape as near to nature as it can be, with dunes, beaches, salt-marshes and "Halligen", small islands which are not protected by dykes and therefore become flooded whenever there is a spring tide or a heavy storm.

Experienced guides will show the amazing spectacle of low and high tide. You can watch how, after six hours of low tide, the wadden sea become flooded again and the deep, artificially constructed furrows - called 'Priele' - fill with water. Whether you go swimming in the sea, take a walk along the beach or over the mud-flats, join a boat tour or watch the birds in the salt-marshes - your holiday in the Wadden Sea of Schleswig-Holstein National Park will definitely be relaxing, for both body and soul.

Highlights:- Multimar Wattforum in Tnning, a national park center- Husum, with its old river port and museums- ride in a carriage to the Sdfall Hallig- guided hiking tour across the mud-flats- Nordstrand tourist information center with its aquarium- Friedrichskoog seal station

Activities:One of many possible sightseeing opportunities is a trip to the small fishing villages which belong to the national park. You can also go on a boat tour to the seal banks and observe a unique and fascinating animal spectacle.

4.3. Routs in Germany.

Germany's first "Vacation Routes" and "Scenic Routes" date back to 1927, each carving a path dedicated to a particular cultural or scenic theme. Today, some 150 such routes exist, and millions of people travel them annually. Discover Germany along the "German Castle Road," "German Fairytale Road," or the most famous, the "Romantic Road." Whatever your interest, our Scenic Routes will guide you on a fun and exciting vacation.

  1. The "Romantic Road."

Wuerzburg Residence Palace

In every traveler's life, there are never-to-be-forgotten moments. One of them is the transformation that begins at the exit from the A-7 Autobahn, where you enter the Romantic Road. One of the most famous of the German Vacation Routes wends its way from Wuerzburg to Fuessen.

The Romantic Road is a 220-mile journey from the River Main to the Alps that offers the traveler what is simply one of the most beautiful and most engaging melange of scenery, cuisine and ambience Germany can offer.

It's all gorgeous - the stunning Wuerzburg Residence Palace, the centuries-old panorama and magical atmosphere of Rothenburg-ob-der-Tauber and Dinkelsbhl, the Roman remains in Augsburg, Bavarian King Ludwig II's unforgettable dream- castle of Neuschwanstein.

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