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Essay on the Theme: Oxford university - Реферат

The principal policy-making body is the Council of the University, which has 26 members, including those elected by Congregation, representatives of the Colleges and two members from outside the University. Council is responsible for the academic policy and strategic direction of the University, and operates through four major committees: Educational Policy and Standards, General Purposes, Personnel, and Planning and Resource Allocation.

Final responsibility for legislative matters rests with Congregation, which comprises over 3600 members of the academic, senior research, library, museum and administrative staff.

Day-to-day decision-making in matters such as finance and planning is devolved to the University's five Academic Divisions - Humanities, Life and Environmental Sciences, Mathematical and Physical Sciences, Medical Sciences and Social Sciences. Each division has a full-time divisional head and an elected divisional board. Continuing Education is the responsibility of a separate board.

The Colleges, though independent and self-governing, form a core element of the University, to which they are related in a federal system, not unlike the United States. In time, each college is granted a charter approved by the Privy Council, under which it is governed by a Head of House and a Governing Body comprising of a number of Fellows, most of whom also hold University posts. There are also six Permanent Private Halls, which were founded by different Christian denominations, and which still retain their religious character. Thirty colleges and all six halls admit students for both undergraduate and graduate degrees. Seven other colleges are for graduates only; one, All Souls, has fellows only, and one, K
ellogg College, specialises in part-time graduate and continuing education.

Oxford's current academic community includes 78 Fellows of the Royal Society and 112 Fellows of the British Academy. A further 100 Emeritus and Honorary College Fellows are Fellows of the Royal Society and 145 Emeritus and Honorary College Fellows are also Fellows of the British Academy.

The University of Oxford has more academic staff working in world-class research departments (rated 5* or 5 in the RAE 2001) than any other UK university.

Amongst our academic community are:

  • The President of the Royal Society

  • The Chief Scientist at the Ministry of Defence

  • The Chairman of the Food Standards Agency

  • The Chief Executives of the Economic and Social Research Council and the Medical Research Council

  • A member of the Bank of England's Monetary Committee

  • The Director General of the Office of Fair Trading

  • The Vice-Chairman of the Thames Valley Police Authority

  • The Director of the Royal Institution

  • The Chairman of the British Association for the Advancement of Science

  • The Chairman of the National Radiological Protection Board

  • The President of the Royal College of Surgeons

  • The Deputy Chair of the British Council

In 2002, Oxford University claimed first place in the annual Times Good University Guide, which ranks universities according to the quality of teaching and research, as well as indicators including staffing levels, facilities spending and graduate destinations.

In the Financial Times 2002 MBA ranking, the Sad Business School's one-year MBA course received the highest rating for value for money of all the international schools surveyed.

In 2002, Oxford University topped the annual league table of teacher training providers for the fifth successive year.

Oxford University was named the UK's most innovative University in the Launchit2001 competition, in recognition of the greatest achievements in innovation and enterprise across the broadest range of activity.

In the academic year 2000-2001, Oxford's overall research income from external sponsors rose by 10 per cent for the second successive year, reaching 142.4 million.

In the most recent national Teaching Quality Assessment exercises for 2000, Oxford was awarded top marks in six out of ten subjects assessed.

Oxford, Stanford and Yale Universities have recently become partners in a joint 'distance learning' venture, the Alliance for Lifelong Learning, which will provide on-line courses in the arts and sciences initially to their combined 500,000 alumni.

The University of Oxford has more academic staff working in world-class research departments (rated 5* or 5 in the RAE 2001) than any other UK university.

Oxford has recently received its fourth Queen's Anniversary Prize, in recognition of the Refugee Studies Centre's contribution to the study of forced migration and refugees.

Isis Innovation, the University's technology transfer company, files on average one new patent application a week and spins out a new company from University research every two months.

Oxford has spun out more companies than any other UK university. Our spin-out companies are collectively worth around 2 billion, and have helped produce some 30 multi-millionaires.

Oxford is the UK pioneer in developing a university intellectual property policy.

As one of the leading international universities, Oxford attracts scholars from all over the world to join its teaching and research staff and collaborates with institutions in around 80 countries. This includes good relationships with the Far East (including China), India, South Africa, the USA and Latin America. Over 130 nationalities are represented among our student body and almost a quarter of our students are from overseas.

The University has a small number of formal academic and research collaborative agreements with international universities (currently with Jagiellonian University, Krakow; Kyoto University; Leiden University; Tokyo University; Seoul National University; National Taiwan University; Australian National University and Peking University). In addition, Oxford and Princeton University recently announced a major collaboration to create new research partnerships, increase staff and student exchanges, and provide opportunities to share resources for cutting-edge academic ventures.

Oxford also has links with many European universities through

SOCRATES (ERASMUS) exchange programmes;

membership of the Coimbra Group of European universities;

membership of the Europaeum, a group of leading universities promoting staff and student exchange, joint research, and conferences and summer schools in European Studies.

International Scholarships

A range of scholarships offer support for international students, including specific schemes for Western Europe, Central/Eastern Europe, China, Hong Kong, India, Japan, Pakistan, the countries of the Arab League, and developing countries.

Each year, almost 200 students are supported by University scholarships funded fully or in part by outside donors and a further 100 receive bursaries funded by the University to assist with their costs.

The Clarendon Fund Bursaries, a major scheme supported by Oxford University Press, makes approximately 70 awards annually for overseas graduate students.

dditionally, the Rhodes Scholarships scheme enables students from nearly 20 countries to come to study in Oxford, with around 90 students taking up their places each October.

Malaysian students outside St Antony's College

The University of Oxford's total student population numbers just over 16,500 (students in residence, 2000-2001).

Almost a quarter of these students are from overseas.

More than 130 nationalities are represented among our student body.

Almost 5,000 students are engaged in postgraduate work. Of these, around 3,000 are working in the arts and humanities.

Every year more than 16,500 people take part in courses offered by the University's Department for Continuing Education.

Latest figures show that only 5.5 per cent of Oxford graduates were unemployed six months after graduation, compared with the national sector average of over 6 per cent.

Oxford has a higher number of first degree graduates (36%) entering further training than the national average (20%).

Our students and staff are currently involved in over 55 initiatives, including visits to more than 3,700 schools and colleges, to encourage the brightest and best students to apply to Oxford, whatever their background.

Throughout its history, Oxford has produced gifted men and women in every sphere of human endeavour who have studied or taught at the University. Among these are 5 kings, 40 Nobel prize-winners, 25 British Prime Ministers, 9 current holders of the Order of Merit, plus 3 Saints, 85 Archbishops and 18 Cardinals.

A few of these famous Oxonians, past and present, are listed here; the date shows the start, or a known date, of their time at Oxford.

Sir Christopher Wren 1992 Alex Coomber, Olympic bronze-medal winning skeleton bob slider


  1. http://www.ox.ac.uk