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The History of Alaska - Реферат

the interests of peace and good government, in

the interests also of the public revenue." By June

26, Inspector Charles Constantine and Staff-

Sergeant Charles Brown were at Juneau, heading

for the goldfields of the British Yukon.

October 2

- In 1895, the North-west Territories was divided into the

Districts of Franklin, Mackenzie, Ungava and


August 17

- In 1896, a party consisting of George Carmack, his wife

Kate, Skookum Jim, Tagish Charlie and Patsy

Henderson stake placer gold claims on Rabbit

Creek, and rename the creek Bonanza Creek.

July 14

- In 1897, the Excelsior reaches San Francisco with the first

large shipment of Klondike gold.

July 17

- In 1897, the Portland reached Seattle with a large shipment

of Klondike, turning the excitement caused by the

Excelsior's arrival at San Francisco into an all-out

gold rush.

- In 1898, gold was discovered near the future site of Nome,

triggering a stampede.

- In 1898, a series of 5 avalanches in the Chilkoot Pass between

2:00 AM and noon killed over 70 people.

June 13

- In 1898, the Yukon Territory is created.

July 29

- In 1900, the White Pass & Yukon Route railroad was

completed, with the Golden Spike driven at

Carcross, Yukon.

- In 1900, Congress authorized a massive telegraph construction

project in Alaska.

July 22

- In 1902, Felice Pedroni ("Felix Pedro") discovered gold in

the Tanana Hills, causing a stampede which

resulted in the founding of Fairbanks.


- In 1904, the first commercial wireless communication

facility in the U.S. opened, between Nome and St.


May 7

- In 1906, the Alaska Delegate Act was passed by Congress,

giving the territory's 40,000 people the right to elect

a non-voting delegate to Congress.

August 24

- In 1912, the Alaska Territorial Act was passed by Congress.

July 3

- In 1913, the first airplane in Alaska made a demonstration

flight at Fairbanks, piloted by James V. Lilly.

March 12

- In 1914, a bill authorizing the construction of the

government-financed Alaska Railroad was signed by

President Wilson. Construction started in 1915, and

some sections were opened as they were completed,

but the entire line, running from Seward to Fairbanks,

was not completed until July 15, 1923.

October 25

- In 1918, the coastal steamer Princess Sophia sunk near

Juneau, killing 463 people, about 10% of the

Yukon's white population.

- In 1919, the Yukon finally allowed women to vote in Territorial

elections. Manitoba had been the first province to

enfranchise women.

July 10

- In 1919, Louis Beauvette staked the first silver claim at Keno

Hill, in the central Yukon; by 1930 this district was

producing 14% of all the silver mined in Canada.

enfranchisement was passed in May 1918.

July 15

- In 1923, the Alaska Railroad was completed, following 8 years

of construction.

February 24

- In 1924, Carl Ben Eielson made Alaska's first Air Mail flight.

June 3

- In 1942, a large carrier-based Japanese force attacked

Dutch Harbour.

June 7

- In 1942, the Japanese landed almost 2,500 troops on the

Aleutian islands of Attu and Kiska. It took a huge

Allied force until August 15, 1943 to regain control.

September 24

- In 1942, the Alaska Highway opened at Contact Creek, 305

miles north of Fort Nelson, B.C.

February 22

- In 1951, after 3 years of rumours, the federal government

approved moving the capital of the Yukon from

Dawson City to Whitehorse. A new Federal Building

was constructed in 1952, and the Territorial

Council chambers were moved the following year,

with the first meeting held in Whitehorse in April.

- In 1951, the Alaska Highway was turned over to Canada, in a

ceremony at Whitehorse.

January 3

- In 1959, Alaska became the 49th State.

March 27

- In 1964, an earthquake with a magnitude of 8.4 on the

Richter scale hits the Anchorage area, killing 115

people and destroying hundreds of homes.

November 6

- In 1967, Jean Gordon, the Yukon's first female member of

the Territorial Council, takes her seat.

- In 1968, the oil riches of Alaska's North Slope, first

reported almost 100 years ago, were confirmed by

a drilling program at Prudhoe Bay. The following

year, a total of $990,220,590 was bid in a one-day

lease sale of those properties.

January 23

- In 1971, the temperature at Prospect Creek, Alaska,

dropped to 80 degrees below zero, the lowest

temperature ever recorded in the United States.

December 18

- In 1971, the Alaska Native Claim Settlement Act (ANCSA)

was signed into law by the President. Among the

major provisions were the transfer of title to 40

million acres of land to native corporations, and a

cash payment of $962.5 million.

February 14

- In 1973, the Yukon Native Brotherhood presented a

Statement of Claim to the federal government,

stating their position on land claims, self-

government and other issues which had been

published in January in "Together Today For Our

Children Tomorrow".

- In 1975, the first section of pipe for the Trans-Alaska

Pipeline from Prudhoe Bay to Valdez was laid. By

August, 21,600 people were working on the project.

The first oil was put through the 800-mile line on

June 20, 1977.

February 3

- In 1988, PL 100-241, the Alaska Native Claim Settlement

Act Amendments, was signed by President Regan.

The amendments gave more flexibility to the

corporations managing Settlement lands.

March 24

- In 1989, the oil tanker Exxon Valdez went aground on Bligh

Reef, pouring almost 11 million gallons of oil into

Prince William Sound.

May 29

- In 1993, the Umbrella Final Agreement is signed by

representatives of the Council for Yukon Indians

and the Yukon and federal governments,

establishing the basic format for all 14 Yukon First

Nations land claims agreements.


Summing up to the aforesaid, it would be desirable to emphasize, that Alaska is a crossroads of a sea, air truck transport between Northern America, Asia and the Europe, that's why Alaska is one of the most perspective states of USA by way of development of economy and tourism. The variety of riches of culture, an abundance of national parks attracts tourists from the world.

The considerable contribution to development of Alaska was brought by Russian empire. The general past, the general cultural wealth is what unites Russia and Alaska and today.

The list of literature.

1. Джеймс Микэнер "Аляска".

2. Боб Черрай "Дух Ворона".

3. Marcia Simpson "Rogue's Yarn", "Crow in Stolen Colors",

"Sound Tracks".

4. Gore Vidal "Williwaw".

5. Borneman "The Native People of Alaska"

6. http://www.encyclopedia.thefreedictionary.com

7. http://www.alaskacam.com

8. http://www.alaska.com

9. http://www.goingtoalaska.com

10. http://www.mapquest.com