the interests of peace and good government, in
the interests also of the public revenue." By June
26, Inspector Charles Constantine and Staff-
Sergeant Charles Brown were at Juneau, heading
for the goldfields of the British Yukon.
- In 1895, the North-west Territories was divided into the
Districts of Franklin, Mackenzie, Ungava and
- In 1896, a party consisting of George Carmack, his wife
Kate, Skookum Jim, Tagish Charlie and Patsy
Henderson stake placer gold claims on Rabbit
Creek, and rename the creek Bonanza Creek.
- In 1897, the Excelsior reaches San Francisco with the first
large shipment of Klondike gold.
- In 1897, the Portland reached Seattle with a large shipment
of Klondike, turning the excitement caused by the
Excelsior's arrival at San Francisco into an all-out
- In 1898, gold was discovered near the future site of Nome,
triggering a stampede.
- In 1898, a series of 5 avalanches in the Chilkoot Pass between
2:00 AM and noon killed over 70 people.
- In 1898, the Yukon Territory is created.
- In 1900, the White Pass & Yukon Route railroad was
completed, with the Golden Spike driven at
- In 1900, Congress authorized a massive telegraph construction
project in Alaska.
- In 1902, Felice Pedroni ("Felix Pedro") discovered gold in
the Tanana Hills, causing a stampede which
resulted in the founding of Fairbanks.
- In 1904, the first commercial wireless communication
facility in the U.S. opened, between Nome and St.
- In 1906, the Alaska Delegate Act was passed by Congress,
giving the territory's 40,000 people the right to elect
a non-voting delegate to Congress.
- In 1912, the Alaska Territorial Act was passed by Congress.
- In 1913, the first airplane in Alaska made a demonstration
flight at Fairbanks, piloted by James V. Lilly.
- In 1914, a bill authorizing the construction of the
government-financed Alaska Railroad was signed by
President Wilson. Construction started in 1915, and
some sections were opened as they were completed,
but the entire line, running from Seward to Fairbanks,
was not completed until July 15, 1923.
- In 1918, the coastal steamer Princess Sophia sunk near
Juneau, killing 463 people, about 10% of the
Yukon's white population.
- In 1919, the Yukon finally allowed women to vote in Territorial
elections. Manitoba had been the first province to
- In 1919, Louis Beauvette staked the first silver claim at Keno
Hill, in the central Yukon; by 1930 this district was
producing 14% of all the silver mined in Canada.
enfranchisement was passed in May 1918.
- In 1923, the Alaska Railroad was completed, following 8 years
- In 1924, Carl Ben Eielson made Alaska's first Air Mail flight.
- In 1942, a large carrier-based Japanese force attacked
- In 1942, the Japanese landed almost 2,500 troops on the
Aleutian islands of Attu and Kiska. It took a huge
Allied force until August 15, 1943 to regain control.
- In 1942, the Alaska Highway opened at Contact Creek, 305
miles north of Fort Nelson, B.C.
- In 1951, after 3 years of rumours, the federal government
approved moving the capital of the Yukon from
Dawson City to Whitehorse. A new Federal Building
was constructed in 1952, and the Territorial
Council chambers were moved the following year,
with the first meeting held in Whitehorse in April.
- In 1951, the Alaska Highway was turned over to Canada, in a
ceremony at Whitehorse.
- In 1959, Alaska became the 49th State.
- In 1964, an earthquake with a magnitude of 8.4 on the
Richter scale hits the Anchorage area, killing 115
people and destroying hundreds of homes.
- In 1967, Jean Gordon, the Yukon's first female member of
the Territorial Council, takes her seat.
- In 1968, the oil riches of Alaska's North Slope, first
reported almost 100 years ago, were confirmed by
a drilling program at Prudhoe Bay. The following
year, a total of $990,220,590 was bid in a one-day
lease sale of those properties.
- In 1971, the temperature at Prospect Creek, Alaska,
dropped to 80 degrees below zero, the lowest
temperature ever recorded in the United States.
- In 1971, the Alaska Native Claim Settlement Act (ANCSA)
was signed into law by the President. Among the
major provisions were the transfer of title to 40
million acres of land to native corporations, and a
cash payment of $962.5 million.
- In 1973, the Yukon Native Brotherhood presented a
Statement of Claim to the federal government,
stating their position on land claims, self-
government and other issues which had been
published in January in "Together Today For Our
- In 1975, the first section of pipe for the Trans-Alaska
Pipeline from Prudhoe Bay to Valdez was laid. By
August, 21,600 people were working on the project.
The first oil was put through the 800-mile line on
June 20, 1977.
- In 1988, PL 100-241, the Alaska Native Claim Settlement
Act Amendments, was signed by President Regan.
The amendments gave more flexibility to the
corporations managing Settlement lands.
- In 1989, the oil tanker Exxon Valdez went aground on Bligh
Reef, pouring almost 11 million gallons of oil into
Prince William Sound.
- In 1993, the Umbrella Final Agreement is signed by
representatives of the Council for Yukon Indians
and the Yukon and federal governments,
establishing the basic format for all 14 Yukon First
Nations land claims agreements.
Summing up to the aforesaid, it would be desirable to emphasize, that Alaska is a crossroads of a sea, air truck transport between Northern America, Asia and the Europe, that's why Alaska is one of the most perspective states of USA by way of development of economy and tourism. The variety of riches of culture, an abundance of national parks attracts tourists from the world.
The considerable contribution to development of Alaska was brought by Russian empire. The general past, the general cultural wealth is what unites Russia and Alaska and today.
The list of literature.
1. Джеймс Микэнер "Аляска".
2. Боб Черрай "Дух Ворона".
3. Marcia Simpson "Rogue's Yarn", "Crow in Stolen Colors",
4. Gore Vidal "Williwaw".
5. Borneman "The Native People of Alaska"