... відкритий, безкоштовний архів рефератів, курсових, дипломних робіт

ГоловнаІноземна мова - Англійська, Німецька та інші → Introduction - Реферат

Introduction - Реферат

From The Great Bridge by David McCullough: A bridge over the East River, joining the cities of New York and Brooklyn, had been talked about for nearly as long as anyone can remember... But nothing was done. The chief problem was always the East River, which is no river at all technically speaking, but a tidal strait and one of the most turbulent and in that day, especially, one of the busiest stretches of navigable salt water anywhere on earth. "If there is to be a bridge," wrote one man, "it must take one grand flying leap from shore to shore over the masts of the ships. There can be no piers or drawbridge. There must be only one great arch all the way across. Surely this must be a wonderful bridge."

Original cross-section of the roadway on the Brooklyn Bridge. (Figure by Paul Phillipe Cret and Rudolphe Modjeski.)

Liberty State Park

With the Manhattan skyline, the Statue of Liberty and Ellis Island as a spectacular backdrop to this urban park, Liberty State Park is an extraordinary and unique public resource. The park hosts more visitors than any other in New Jersey, currently over 4 million/year, testament to the public's interest in this special place. Major festivals and other events are often held in the park. The historic Central Railroad of New Jersey Terminal (CRRNJ), a grand setting for much of New Jersey's transportation history in the northeast, sits prominently at the north end of the park. Liberty Walk, a 2 mile promenade, links a picnic area, interpretive center and the CRRNJ Terminal while presenting visitors with a sweeping view of the Hudson River. Liberty Science Center, a popular attraction for students and families, is located in the park's western section. Liberty State Park contains both estuarine and upland habitats. Herons, egrets, migratory shorebirds, and waterfowl utilize habitat at the park. In the winter, long-eared owls are often seen near the interpretive center. Liberty State Park was once an urban industrial area. As a result of this historical land use, the Division of Parks and Forestry has spent the past 25 years planning and building park infrastructure as well as remediating the site for public enjoyment. As part of the Division's waterfront improvement initiative for Liberty State Park, development of an 88 acre Green Park was completed in 1999. The Green Park is made up of crescent lawns, trails and landscaping improvements, including newly planted trees, shrubs and wildflower meadows. Approximately 4 miles of paved walkways have been added, as well as 7 plaza areas located along Liberty Walk, providing views of Ellis Island and the Statue of Liberty. The "Save Ellis Island!" initiative is meanwhile taking action to restore important historic features of the island where, long ago, immigrants to this country made their first stop.

The American Museum of the Moving Images34-31 35th Street Astoria, NY

The American Museum of the Moving Image specializes in the art, technology and history of moving image technology. The museum presents exhibitions, film screenings, lectures, publications, community filmmaking, conferences and seminars. There is something for everyone here, with exhibits geared towards "hands-on" experiences. Some examples of this are: dubbing your own dialogue over an existing movie's soundtrack, electronically "trying on" famous movie costumes, editing film, creating movies of yourself, and many, many behind the scenes attractions. An entire day can easily be spent here.

Empire State building

350 Fifth Avenue At Fifth Avenue and 34th Street stands New York City's most famous fixture - starring in over 90 movies, a star of gigantic proportions - The Empire State Building.Having held the record as the world's tallest skyscraper for 40 years - the symbol of this city was constructed in only two years - 1930 to 31 and the 1,453 foot colossus instantly became a tourist magnet. Even King Kong came to visit!Enter the spacious Art Deco lobby lathed in 10,000 square feet of marble, and head downstairs for your ticket to the observation levels. Lines get pretty long, especially during summer and the holiday season, but you can fit a trip here any time into your itinerary, they're open from 9:30 a.m. until midnight every day.

The New York Aquarium

Like the history of the WCS, the New York Aquarium's history is also a long and successful one. On December 10th, 1896, it opened its doors for the first time in lower Manhattan in what is now known as Battery Park, making it the oldest continually operating aquarium in the United States. On October 31st, 1902, the Aquarium was adopted into the care of what was then the New York Zoological Society. At the time, the Aquarium housed only 150 specimens of wildlife.

In 1941, the Aquarium at Battery Park was closed due to the proposed construction of a bridge from lower Manhattan to Brooklyn. The Aquarium's inhabitants were temporarily housed at the Bronx Zoo until the new aquarium was built after WWII. On June 6th, 1957, the Aquarium opened its doors at its new location in Coney Island, Brooklyn.

Situated on 14 acres by the sea in Coney Island, the New York Aquarium is home to over 350 species of aquatic wildlife and over 8,000 specimens. The Aquarium continues its mission to raise public awareness about issues facing the ocean and its inhabitants with its special exhibits, public events and research. At the Aquarium's Osborn Laboratories of Marine Sciences (OLMS), several studies are currently underway investigating such topics as dolphin cognition, satellite tagging of sharks, and coral reefs.

Seahorses (Opened April 20th, 2000):A stampede of horses began greeting visitors to the New York Aquarium this spring. Seahorses, that is. Located in Sea Cliffs, this new exhibit features pygmy seahorses, pot-bellied seahorses, giant seahorses, pipefish and the dramatic leafy and weedy sea dragons. Find out why these amazing animals are nicknamed "Mr. Mom" and how they use camouflage to blend into their surroundings. See how they use a prehensile tail to stay in place and a suit of armor for protection.

Sea Cliffs:How much does a walrus weigh? Do sea lions have ears? Could you survive in the ocean? Can you hold your breath as long as a seal? What does a California sea otter feel like? The answers to these questions and many more can be found in this exciting 300-foot recreation of a rocky Pacific coastal habitat. Sea Cliffs is home to walruses, sea otters, penguins and seals, all of which can be viewed above and below the water, along with many different species of fish, invertebrates and plant life.

Explore the Shore:

Experience the energy of electric fish , and walk through a salt marsh. Stay dry under crashing waves and touch sea stars, crabs and urchins. See the wonders of kelp beds, magnificent coral formations and hundreds of fish species. Hands-on exhibits and video displays delight all in this indoor education and exhibit center.

Aqua theater:Marine mammal demonstrations are held daily in this 1600 seat stadium.

Beluga Whales:Did you know Beluga means "white" in Russian? Called the "canaries of the sea," watch as our Beluga whales swim by the huge panoramic windows of their exhibit.

Sharks:See eye-to-eye with 400-pound sand tiger sharks. Watch kite shaped stingrays "fly" through the water while ponderous nurse sharks patrol the floor of this 90,000-gallon exhibit. And, of course, the New York Aquarium is home to thousands of other beautiful and exotic fish. Visit today!

Central Park59th (Central Park South) to 110th Street (Between 5th and 8th (Central Park West) Avenues)

Central Park, an 843-acre retreat in the midst of bustling Manhattan, was developed in 1858 by Frederick Olmsted, the famous landscape architect, and Calvert Vaux. The park combines beautifully landscaped areas with a remarkable variety of recreational facilities. Among its many features are: Belvedere Castle, with scenic views and the children's Discovery Chamber. The Carousel with its beautiful and historic hand-carved horses. Central Park Zoo (at 64th Street), with animals living in a 5-acre habitat. The Charles A. Dana Discovery Center , with scenic views, hands-on exhibits, and family workshops. Conservatory Garden. Delacorte Theater (at 79th Street), host to the famous annual Shakespeare in the Park Festival. Great Lawn, featuring New York Philharmonic performances. The Heckscher Puppet House, with weekday shows at 10:30am and noon. Lasker Rink. Summer Stage, presenting free performances and events May through August. Swedish Cottage Marionette Theatre with performances Tuesday through Friday. Walkman ice skating rink (at 62nd Street), which is open year-round, with ice-skating in the winter, and roller skating and miniature golf in the summer. Also available are the Bethesda Fountain, a model yacht pond, carousel, two rowing lakes and Sheep Meadow. Guided tours of the Park by Manhattan National Park Rangers, featuring historic and natural history. The free tours, on Saturdays and Sundays, last approximately one and one-half hours, and include a good amount of walking. Horse-drawn carriages. The Dairy in Central Park near 64th Street and 5th Avenue is an exhibition -information-sales center for the park where slide presentations on the park are shown continuously. The Dairy is the location of the Central Park Visitor and Information Center. Horse enthusiasts will find plenty of bridle paths, and horse rentals are available at the West 72nd St stables. Visitors to Central Park can cruise the park lake on a Venetian gondola. The 37.5 foot Daughter of Venice was built in Venice and donated to the city by New York Philanthropist Lucy Moses. The gondola rides must be reserved by calling the boat house at the above number.


The conclusion

To finish with it's obligatory to admit that During my working on the paper, I have learned a lot of facts concerned The New York City. It was interesting to find out many places of interest of this beautiful Megalopolis. And to add to this , I got closely acquainted with many remarkable buildings, theaters, parks. I hope this knowledge will help many pupils to study foreign countries. While doing my work I increased the level of my knowledge of English. I hope the paper, I have made, will be useful and interest for both teachers and students of you school.




The New York City

Places of Interest