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History of The Beatles - Реферат

In March, 2003, the Anthology television series was released on DVD with additional bonus material.

Several individuals who played an important role in the history or promotion of the band have at various times been called, or called themselves, the "fifth Beatle".

On December 15, 2005, Paul and Ringo along with the families of John and George sued EMI in a royalties dispute in which Apple claimed EMI owes The Beatles 30 million.


The following were regular members of the band:

  • John Lennon - guitar, piano, harmonica, bass, vocals (1960 - 1970)

  • Paul McCartney - bass, piano, guitar, vocals (1960 - 1970)

  • George Harrison - guitar, vocals (1960 - 1970)

  • Ringo Starr - drums, vocals (1962 - 1970)

  • Stu Sutcliffe - bass, vocals (1960 - 1961)

  • Pete Best - drums (1960 - 1962)

Original drummer Pete Best was asked to leave the group in August 1962 just before it started recording, and was replaced by Starr. Earlier, in January 1961, original bass player Stu Sutcliffe had decided to leave the band and remain in Hamburg, Germany with his girlfriend, Astrid Kirchherr where the Beatles had played several long engagements; McCartney took over the bass role. Sutcliffe would later die of a brain hemorrhage. His life, and his friendship with John Lennon, was fictionalised in the 1993 movie Backbeat.

Only primary instruments are listed; at one time or another, each of the four Beatles played other instruments on record as well.

The following individuals were irregular members of the band before the Beatles achieved international success:

  • Chas Newby - Temporary bassist in Liverpool, after band returned from Hamburg in December 1960. Left the group to return to college, replaced on bass by McCartney January 1961.

  • Tommy Moore - drummer for the Silver Beetles for one month in 1960. Quit the band, claiming to have had "just about enough of Lennon".

  • Norman Chapman - drummer for the Silver Beetles for a few weeks in 1960. Left when conscripted into the Army for two years service in Kenya and Kuwait.

The following individuals have played a role in the studio when Beatles records were recorded:

  • George Martin - Their producer, who translated their musical ideas into studio productions, and also did some harmonium or piano work on, for example "In My Life"

  • Jeff Lynne - Co-producer for The Beatles Anthology and 1994-1995 sessions

  • Geoff Emerick - Studio Engineer

  • Mal Evans - Roadie and Assistant

  • Neil Aspinall - Assistant, Road Manager

  • Andy White - Drummer on the Beatles' first single, "Love Me Do"

  • Billy Preston - Organist player on "Let It Be", player on "Get Back" and "Don't Let Me Down", first met them in their Hamburg days while touring with Little Richard

  • Eric Clapton - Lead guitarist on "While My Guitar Gently Weeps"

  • Alan Civil - French horn Soloist on "For No One"

  • David Mason - Piccolo trumpet soloist on "Penny Lane"

  • Nicky Hopkins - Piano on "Old Brown Shoe" and "Revolution"

Others have been associated with the Beatles in several ways. These include:

  • Allan Williams - Original manager

  • Brian Epstein - The manager who took them from Hamburg to the world stage

  • Tony Barrow - Press Officer 1963-1968

  • Derek Taylor - Press Officer 1968-1997

Help!: Английский Help, I need somebody,Help, not just anybody,Help, you know I need someone, help.When I was younger, so muchyounger than today,I never needed anybody's helpin any way.But now these days are gone,I'm not so self assured,Now I find I've changed my mindand opened up the doors.Chorus:Help me if you can, I'mfeeling downAnd I do appreciate youbeing round.Help me, get my feet back onthe ground,Won't you please, please help me?And now my life has changed inoh so many ways, My independence seems to vanishin the haze.But every now and then I feel soinsecure,I know that I just need you like I'venever done before.Chorus.

Спаси меня!: русский Спаси меня, мне нужен кто-то, Но не первый встречный! Спаси меня, ты знаешь как мненужен хоть кто-нибудь! Когда я был моложе, намного моложе,чем сейчасМне был никто не нужен.Но прошли те времена и яуже не так уверен в себе, Я понимаю, что изменился, а мои двери распахнуты. Припев:Спаси меня, если можешь, мнетак плохо. Я буду очень благодарен, если тыостанешься со мной.Спаси меня, дай ощутить почву подногами. Неужели, ах неужели ты меня не спасёшь? Теперь моя жизнь во многом изменилась. Моя независимость исчезлакак дым.То и дело я чувствую себя таким беззащитным. Я знаю, что сейчас ты мне нужна мне как никогда раньше. Припев.

Drive my car: Английский Asked a girl what she wanted to beShe said baby,can't you seeI wanna be famous, a star on the screenBut you can do something in betweenChorus: Baby you can drivemy carYes I'm gonna be a star Baby you can drive my carAnd maybe I'll love youI told a girl that my prospectswere goodAnd she said baby, it's understoodWorking for peanuts is all very fineBut I can show you abetter timeChorus.Beep beep'm beep beep yeahChorus.I told a girl I can start right awayAnd she said listen babe I gotsomething to sayI got no car and it's breakingmy heartBut I've found a driver andthat's a startChorus.

Садись за руль: русский (c) AndyMan andyman80@mail.ru (andyman80@mail.ru)Я спросил у девчонки, кем она хочет стать, Она сказала: Парень, неужели тыне понимаешь? Я хочу быть знаменитой, звездой экрана, Но пока и тебе может кое-что перепасть. Припев:Парень, ты можешь сесть за рульмоей машины.Да, я собираюсь стать звездой. Парень, ты можешь сесть за руль,И, может быть, я тебя полюблю.Я сказал этой девчонке, что у меняхорошее будущее,Она сказала: Само собой!Совсем неплохо работать за гроши,Но я подскажу тебе как провести время лучше. Припев.Би-би! Припев.Я сказал ей, что мы можем отправиться прямо сейчас. Она ответила: Парень, я хочу кое-чтосказать тебе.У меня нет никакой машины, иэто ужасно,Но я нашла себе водителя и это неплохое начало.Припев.

Back in the USSR : Английский Flew in from Miami Beach BOACDidn't get to bed last nightOn the way the paper bag wason my knee Man I had a dreadful flightChorus:I'm back in the U.S.S.R.You don't know how lucky you are boyBack in the U.S.S.R.Been away so long I hardly knew the place Gee it's good to be back homeLeave it till tomorrow to unpack my caseHoney disconnect the phoneChorus:Well the Ukraine girls really knock me outThey leave the West behindAnd Moscow girls make me sing and shoutThe Georgians always on my mind.Chorus:Show me round your snow peaked mountains waydown southTake me to your daddy's farmLet me hear your balalaika's ringing outCome and keep your comrade warm.Chorus:

Снова в СССР: русский (с) AndyMan andyman80@mail.ru (andyman80@mail.ru)Лечу я рейсом из Майами Бич Всю прошлую ночь не спал. Всю дорогу держал на коленях бумажныйпакет, Старик, мой полёт был ужасным. Припев:я вернулся в СССР,Ты даже не подозреваешь, как тебе повезло. Вернулся в СССРЕя так давно здесь не был, что ничего не узнаю.Просто здорово снова оказаться дома!Чемоданы подождут до завтра.Дорогая, отключи телефон. Припев:Украинки сводят меня с ума;Западу до них далеко. Видя москвичек, мне хочется петь и танцевать, Грузинки не выходят у меня из головы. Припев:Проведи меня по южным склонам твоих заснеженных гор,Покажи мне деревню твоего отца. Поиграй мне на своей весёлой балалайке. Согрей своего товарища! Припев: